COQUIMBO, an important city and port of the province and department of Coquimbo, Chile, in 2 9 ° 57' S., 71°21' 12" W.
The railway connexions are with Ovalle to the S., and Vicuña (or Elqui) to the E., but the proposed extension northward of Chile's longitudinal system would bring Coquimbo into direct communication with Santiago.
The province of Coquimbo, which lies between those of Aconcagua and Atacama and extends from the Pacific inland to the Argentine frontier, has an area of 13, 4 61 sq.
Several rivers, the largest of which is the Coquimbo (or Elqui) with a length of 125 m., cross the province from the mountains.
The capital is La Serena, and the principal cities are Coquimbo, Ovalle (pop. 5565), and Illapel (3170).
Respectively by the provinces of Antofagasta and Coquimbo, and extending from the Pacific coast E.
Before 1842, when guano began to attract notice as an exportable product, Atacama was considered as Bolivian territory, and Coquimbo the extreme northern province of Chile.
By Coquimbo, E.
But popular discontent grew in force; risings took place in Concepcion and Coquimbo, and on the 28th of January 1823 O'Higgins was finally patriotic enough to resign his post of director-general, without attempting to retain it by force.
For purposes of general topographical description Chile may be divided into three regions: the desert region of the north, the central agricultural region between the provinces of Coquimbo and Llanquihue, and the heavily-forested rainy region south of lat.
Coquimbo was swept by a tidal wave in 1849, and Concepcion and Talcahuano were similarly destroyed in 1835.
There are a few barren islands on the desert coast, the largest of which are between Coquimbo and Caldera.
Among the most frequented of these are Valparaiso, Coquimbo, Caldera, Iquique and Arica.
The rivers of the province of Coquimbo - the Elqui or Coquimbo, Limari and Choapa - exist under less arid conditions, and like those of the province of Aconcagua - the Ligua and Aconcagua - are used to irrigate a much larger area of cultivated territory.
At very rare intervals light rains fall in the desert regions north of Coquimbo, but these are brought by the prevailing coast winds.
Above the sea, the mean annual temperature is 60° and the rainfall about i in., but at Coquimbo, in 29° 56' S., the temperature is 59.2° and the rainfall 12 in.
Continuing southward into the province of Coquimbo a gradual change in the arid conditions may be observed.
The population of Chile is largely concentrated in the twelve agricultural provinces between and including Coquimbo and Concepcion, though the next six provinces to the south, of more recent general settlement, have received some foreign immigrants, and are rapidly growing, In the desert provinces the population is limited to the mining communities, and to the ports and supply stations maintained for their support and for the transport, smelting and export of their produce.
The four desert provinces north of Coquimbo had only 8% of the total, and the seven provinces and one territory south of Concepcion had 20%.
There were no less than 108,384 acres devoted to it in 1904, a considerable part of which was in the irrigated river valleys of Coquimbo and Aconcagua.
Some districts, especially in Coquimbo, have gained a high reputation for the excellence of their preserved fruits.
The vine is cultivated all the way from Atacama and Coquimbo, where excellent raisins are produced, south to Concepcion, where some of the best wines of Chile are manufactured.
The second most important mining industry in Chile, however, is that of copper, which is found in the provinces of Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Aconcagua, Valparaiso, Santiago, O'Higgins, Colchagua, Curico and Talca, but the richest deposits are in the three desert provinces.
Manganese ores are mined in Atacama and Coquimbo, and their export is large.
For a long time Chile was considered one of the poorest states of Spanish America, but the acquisition of the rich mineralproducing provinces of the north, together with the development of new silver and copper mines in Atacama and Coquimbo, largely increased her revenues and enabled her to develop other important resources.