The last duke, the celebrated constable Charles of Bourbon, united the domains of the Dauphine to those of the duchy, but all were confiscated by the crown in consequence of the sentence which punished the constable's treason in 1527.
The Memoirs of the marquise were translated into English by Sir Walter Scott, and issued as a volume of "Constable's Miscellany" (Edinburgh, 1827).
Finding in 1379 that the king entertained suspicions of his fidelity to him, he resolved to give up his constable's sword and retire to Spain.
Richemont caused the assassination of Charles's favourites Pierre de Giac and Le Camus de Beaulieu, and imposed one of his own choosing, Georges de la Tremoille, an adventurer who rapidly usurped the constable's power.
La Tremoille had been assassinated in 1433 by the constable's orders, with the connivance of Yolande of Aragon.
Within its precincts are a Roman pharos or lighthouse, still exhibiting the Roman masonry; the ancient fortress church (St Mary in Castro); some remains of the Saxon fort; and the massive keep and subsidiary defences (such as the Constable's, Avranche's, and other towers) of the Norman building.
Jastrow, beginning with Hopkins on India (1895); American Lectures on the History of Religions, beginning with Rhys Davids on Buddhism (1896); Constable's series, Religions, Ancient and Modern (London, beginning 1905), brief and popular; Freeman Clarke, Ten Great Religions (Boston, 1871); S.
Offended, however, by Bedford's refusal to give him a high command, he severed his connexion with the English, and in March 142 5 accepted the constable's sword from King Charles VII.