Such opinions, combated by bishops and councils, were due to the influence of the consolamentum of the Cathars.
The central Cathar rite was consolamentum, or baptism with spirit and fire.
The consolamentum removes original sin, undoes the sad effects of the primal fall, clothes upon us our habitation which is from heaven, restores to us the lost tunic of immortality.
"Is it not curious," says the Abbe Guiraud, "to remark that the essential rite of the consolamentum is in effect nothing but the most ancient form of Christian ordination?"
On the death-bed it could even, like the Catholic Viaticum, take the place of the rite of Consolamentum, if this could not be performed.