The second difficulty was the war waged by religious fanatics under the leadership of Antonio Maciel, known as " Conselheiro," against the constituted authorities of Brazil.
The story of Conselheiro is a remarkable one.
Conselheiro, deeming his worst suspicions confirmed, shot and killed his wife and his mother before explanations could be offered.
From that time Conselheiro was a victim of remorse, and to expiate his sin became a missionary in the sertao or interior of Brazil among the wild Jagunco people.
Difficulty arose between the governor of Bahia and this fanatical missionary, with the result that Conselheiro was ordered to leave the settlement and take away his people.
An army comprising some 5000 officers and men was then sent to crush Conselheiro and his people at all costs.
Canudos was besieged and captured in September 1897, Conselheiro being killed in the final assault.