As he put it: "Suppose there were living among my contemporaries a Confucius or a Solon, I could, according to the principles of my faith, love and admire the great man without falling into the ridiculous idea that I must convert a Solon or a Confucius."
The education of a mandarin includes local history, cognizance of the administrative rites, customs, laws and prescriptions of the country, the ethics of Confucius, the rules of good breeding, the ceremonial of official and social life, and the practical acquirements necessary to the conduct of public or private business.
Thus some arose who declared allegiance to the idealistic intuitionalism of Wang Yang-ming, and others advocated direct study of the works of Confucius and Mencius.
Confucius, it is recorded, sacrificed to the dead, as if they were present, and to the spirits, as if they were there.
Twice a year, in spring and autumn,' a Chinese ruler goes in state to the imperial college in Pekin, and presents the appointed offerings before the spirit-tablets of Confucius and of the worthies who have been associated with him in his temples.
- lv.), with Cyrus and Zoroaster, with Buddha and Confucius, and with Phocylides and Socrates.
Bahrdt, who regarded Christ as merely a noble teacher like Moses, Confucius and Luther.
For thirteen years of his life Confucius wandered about from state to state, seeking rest and patrons; but his journeyings were confined within the modern provinces of Ho-nan and Shantung, and the borders of Chih-li and Hu-peh.
Confucius was frightened by what he saw, - and he undertook the work of reformation."
The Kung family, however, became reduced, and by-and-by its chief representative moved from Sung to Lu, where in the early part of the 6th century we meet with Shuh-liang Heih, the father of Confucius, as commandant of the district of Tsow, and an officer renowned for his feats of strength and daring.
There was thus no grander lineage in China than that of Confucius; and on all his progenitors, since the throne of Shang passed from their line, with perhaps one exception, he could look back with complacency.
For some years after this our information about Confucius is scanty.
It is characteristic of the two men that the latter, a transcendental dreamer, appears to have thought little of his visitor, while Confucius, an inquiring thinker, was profoundly impressed with him.
Thither also went Confucius, for he would not countenance by his presence the men who had driven their ruler away.
The marquis of Ts`i and his advisers saw that if Confucius were allowed to prosecute his course, the influence of Lu would become supreme throughout the kingdom, and Ts`i would be the first to suffer.
But Confucius had confidence in the preponderating goodness of human nature, and in the power of example in superiors.
Several of them were men of mark among the statesmen of the time, and it is the highest testimony to the character of Confucius that he inspired them with feelings of admiration and reverence.
Confucius was in his fifty-sixth year when he left Lu; and thirteen years elapsed ere he returned to it.
Confucius would not abandon the cause of the people.
The state was now in the hands of the son of the marquis whose neglect had driven the sage away; but Confucius would not again take office.
Difficult to determine what there was about Confucius to secure for him the influence which he has wielded.
Confucius did not see this, and it was impossible that he should.
The preface is, in fact, only a schedule, without any remark by Confucius himself, giving the names of 100 books, of which it consisted.
Confucius was wont to say that he who was not acquainted with the Shih was not fit to be conversed with, and that the study of it would produce a mind without a single depraved thought.
We pay cult to Confucius and to the dead to express our respect for them.
Confucius said, "To know that we know what we know, and that we do not know what we do not know, that is true knowledge."
Confucius says truly, "Virtue does not remain as an abandoned orphan; it must of necessity have neighbors."
Confucius said, "If a state is governed by the principles of reason, poverty and misery are subjects of shame; if a state is not governed by the principles of reason, riches and honors are the subjects of shame."