Next to these in religious importance comes the Confucian temple, known as the Kwo-tsze-kien.
Very different was the case when China presented her noble code of Confucian philosophy and the literature embodying it.
The immemorial Confucian type.
Confucianism is the official cult, and all officials offer sacrifices and homage at stated seasons in the Confucian temples.
Confucian ethics are the basis of morality and social order.
In Seoul there were established an imperial English school with two foreign teachers, a reorganized Confucian college, a normal college under a very efficient foreign principal, Japanese, Chinese, Russian and French schools, chiefly linguistic, several Korean primary schools, mission boarding-schools, and the Pai Chai College connected with the American Methodist Episcopal Church, under imperial patronage, and subsidized by government, in which a liberal education of a high class was given and En-mun receives much attention.
He revived the name Ch'ao-Hsien, changed the capital from Song-do to Seoul, organized an administrative system, which with some modifications continued till 1895, and exists partially still, carried out vigorous reforms, disestablished Buddhism, made merit in Chinese literary examinations the basis of appointment to office, made Confucianism the state religion, abolished human sacrifices and the burying of old men alive, and introduced that Confucian system of education, polity, and social order which has dominated Korea for five centuries.
The Confucian morality could be adopted without difficulty in Japan.