In Egypt and the permanent establishment of an Anglo-French condominium to the detriment of Italian influence.
After his reinstatement the AngloEgyptian condominium worked without serious friction.
(For the subsequent history of the Egyptian question see Egypt: History.) The revolt of Arabi Pasha in 1881 broke up the Anglo-French condominium in Egypt and led to outrages at Alexandria followed by a bombardment on the 11th of July 1882.
Since the establishment of the AngloEgyptian condominium (1899) the country has been thoroughly surveyed.
The limits of this condominium differ slightly from those of the Egyptian Sudan of the pre-Mandi period.
In what follows the term Sudan is used to indicate the Anglo-Egyptian condominium only.
The term " Bilad-es-Sudan " (" country of the blacks ") is not altogether applicable to the Anglo-Egyptian condominium, the northern portion being occupied by Hamitic and Semitic tribes, chiefly nomads, and classed as Arabs.