But their bishop, John Amos Comenius (1592-1672), held them together.
Komensky (Comenius), a member of the brotherhood, claimed for the members of his church that they were the genuine inheritors of the doctrines of Hus.
In Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia the standard of education - elementary, higher and technical - is excellent, and there are practically no illiterates - a state of affairs attributable to the interest which the Czech nation (imbued with the traditions of Comenius) had ever taken in education.
In the entire republic there are four universities, three Czech and Slovak - the Charles University of Prague, the Masaryk University of Brno and the Comenius University of Bratislava - and one German (at Prague).
The Masaryk and Comenius Universities are new foundations since 1918.
The names of Hus, Chelcicky and Comenius (Komensky) are connected with the pre-Renaissance religious periods.
COMENIUS (or [[Komensky), Johann Amos]] (1592-1671), a famous writer on education, and the last bishop of the old church of the Moravian and Bohemian Brethren, was born at Comna, or, according to another account, at Niwnitz, in Moravia, of poor parents belonging to the sect of the Moravian Brethren.
In 1638 Comenius was requested by the government of Sweden to draw up a scheme for the management of the schools of that country; and a few years after he was invited to join the commission that the English parliament then intended to appoint, in order to reform the system of education.
He visited England in 1641, but the disturbed state of politics prevented the appointment of the commission, and Comenius passed over to Sweden in August 1642.
Devoting himself to the elaboration of his scheme, Comenius settled first at Elbing, and then at Lissa; but, at the burning of the latter city by the Poles, he lost nearly all his manuscripts, and he finally removed to Amsterdam, where he died in 1671.
/ 6 70 // r4, As an educationist, Comenius holds a prominent place in` history.
As a theologian, Comenius was greatly influenced by Boehme.
Comenius also wrote against the Socinians, and published three historical works - Ratio disciplinae ordinisque in unitate fratrum Bohemorum, which was republished with remarks by Buddaeus, Historia persecutionum ecclesiae Bohemicae (1648), and Martyrologium Bohemicum.
The greatest writer of the brotherhood is John Amos Komensky or Comenius (1592-1670).
Many of the numerous devotional and educational writings of Comenius, - his works number 142, - are also written in his native tongue.
Yet we must notice besides Comenius two other writers, both historians, whose works belong to a date later than 1620.
After the deaths of Skala, Slavata and Comenius, no works of any importance were written in the Bohemian language for a considerable period, and the new Austrian government endeavoured in every way to discourage the 19 - use of that language.
Comenius we find the following definition: - "Astronomus siderum meatus seu motus considerat: Astrologus eorundem efficaciam, influxum, et effectum."