The existing genera include Anas, Aquila, Bubo, Columba, Cypselus, Lanius, Picus, Phalacrocorax, Sula, &c. Very interesting is the fact that Serpentarius, Psittacus and Trogon are amongst this list of birds, which are now restricted to the tropics.
Madeira has also its peculiar golden-crested wren (Regulus maderensis), and its peculiar pigeon (Columba trocaz), while two allied forms of the latter (C. laurivora and C. bollii) are found only in the Canaries.
The name recurs much later, in Adamnan's Life of Columba, in the name of a wood near Londonderry, Daire-Calgaich or Roboretum Calgachi, "the wood of Calgacus": it may be Celtic and denote "the man with the sword."
Pigeons "-Columba, Linn.
They are represented as endeavouring to prevent the progress of St Patrick and St Columba by raising clouds and mist.
The word drill is always used to render the Latin magus, and in one passage St Columba speaks of Christ as his Druid.
So it was with Celtic saints, and Adamnan, in his life of St Columba, i.
St Columba); but such veneration was due to every presbyter.
These palimpsests had originally belonged to the famous convent of St Columba at Bobbio, and had been written over by the monks with the acts of the first council of Chalcedon.
They are named after Columba and Oran, who are said to have stopped here after they left Ireland.
Yet the night was not without its stars; at Rome Leo the Great and Gregory the Great could preach, and the missionaries Patrick, Columba, Columbanus, Augustine, Wilfrid, Willibrord, Gall and Boniface are known by their fruits.
COLUMBA,' 'SAINT (Irish, Colum), Irish saint, was born on the 7th of December 521, in all probability at Gartan in Co.
He was afterwards known as Columkille, or Columba of the Church, to distinguish him from others of the same name.
Columba himself studied under two of the most distinguished Irishmen of his day, Finian of Moville (at the head of Strangford Lough) and Finian of Clonard.
Irish accounts represent Columba as undertaking this mission in consequence of the censure expressed against him by the clergy after the battle of Cooldrevny; but this is probably a fabrication.
Columba established himself on the island of Hy or Iona, where he erected a church and a monastery.
The precise details, except in a few cases, are unknown, or obscured by exaggeration and fiction; but it is certain that the whole of northern Scotland was converted by the labours of Columba, and his disciples and the religious instruction of the people provided for by the erection of numerous monasteries.
Columba was honoured by his countrymen, the Scots of Britain and Ireland, as much as by his Pictish converts, and in his character of chief ecclesiastical ruler he gave formal benediction and inauguration to Aidan, the successor of Conall, as king of the Scots.
Several Irish poems are ascribed to Columba, but they are manifestly compositions of a later age.
The original materials for a life of St Columba are unusually full.
Reeves, Life of St Columba, written by Adamnan (Dublin, 1857); W.
The island of Inchcolm, or Island of Columba, 1/4 m.
The island of Columba was occasionally plundered by English and other rovers, but in the 16th century it became the property of Sir James Stuart, whose grandson became 2nd earl of Murray by virtue of his marriage to the elder daughter of the 1st earl.
Towards the end of his sojourn in Rome he fell violently in love with a Roman lady called Faustine, who appears in his poetry as Columba and Columbelle.
They were companions of St Columba and their efforts to convert the folk to Christianity seem to have impressed the popular imagination, for several islands bear the epithet "Papa" in commemoration of the preachers.
The original edifice is believed to have been erected in the time of Columba, but the transept and nave of the existing structure date from the early part of the 13th century, the choir from the 15th.
Although Columba is said to have planted a church here, the authoritative history of the town does not begin for several centuries after the era of the saint.
The cathedral is said to contain the remains of its founder, together with those of St Columba and St Bridget.
Of many who deserve mention in connexion with this period, the most prominent were: Columba, the founder of the famous monastery of Iona in 563 and the evangelizer of the Albanian Scots and northern Picts; Aidan, the apostle of Northumbria; Columbanus, the apostle of the Burgundians of the Vosges (S90); Callich or Gallus (d.
Their defeat by the Picts, in 560, induced the Irish St Columba to endeavour to convert the conquering Picts.
The island takes its name from the fact that St Molios, a disciple of St Columba, founded a church near the north-western point.
Even Columba himself, in his Latin hymn Altus prosator, was suspected by Gregory the Great of favouring Arian doctrines.
Thus there were coarbs of Columba at Iona, Kells, Derry, burrow and other places.
The coarb might be a bishop or only an abbot, but in either case all the ecclesiastics in the family were subject to him; in this way it frequently happened that bishops, though their superior functions were recognized, were in subjection to abbots who were only priests, as in the case of St Columba, or even to a woman, as in the case of St Brigit.
Down), founded by another Findian, c. 540; Clonmacnoise, founded by Kieran, 54 1; Derry, founded by Columba, 546; Clonfert, founded by Brendan, 552; Bangor, founded in 558 by Comgall; Durrow, founded by Columba, c. 553.
In 563 Columba founded the monastery of Hi (Iona), which spread the knowledge of the Gospel among the Picts of the Scottish mainland.
Cormac ua Liathain, a disciple of St Columba, visited the Orkneys, and when the Northmen first discovered Iceland they found there books and other traces of the early Irish church.
Reeves, Adamnan's Life of Columba (Dublin, 1857; also ed.
The only historical Regulus (Riagail or Rule, whose name is preserved by the tower of St Rule) was an Irish monk expelled from Ireland with St Columba; his date, however, is c. 573-600.
A friend of St Columba and patron of Kilkenny in Ireland.
P. 501), is a Psalter said to have belonged to Saint Columba, a kinsman of the O'Donnells, which was carried by them in battle as a charm or talisman to secure victory.
Columba and his nephew Drostan founded a monastery here in the 6th century, of which no trace remains.