It is probable, however, both from the letter itself and from the fact that Colossae was a trade centre, that Jews were there with their synagogues (cf.
The reason for this, Paul sees, is the influence of the claim made by certain teachers in Colossae that the Christians, in order to attain unto and be assured of full salvation, must supplement Paul's message with their own fuller and more perfect wisdom, and must observe certain rites and practices (ii.
To meet the pressing need in Colossae, Paul writes a letter and entrusts it to Tychichus, who is on his way to Colossae with Onesimus, Philemon's slave (iv.
(On the relation of this letter to Ephesians and to the letter to be sent from Laodicea to Colossae, see Ephesians, Epistle To The.) His attitude is prophylactic, rather than polemic, for the "philosophy" has not as yet taken deep root.
As Cibossa, so their other congregations were renamed, Mananali as Achaea, Argaeum and Cynoschora as Colossae, Mopsuestia as Ephesus, and so on.
11, 18-19) and run away from his master Philemon, a prosperous and influential Christian citizen of Colossae (Col.
9) along with Tychicus to Colossae, as a penitent and sincere Christian, in order to resume his place in the household.
As Laodicea is close to Colossae it does not follow, even if Archippus be held to have belonged to the former town (as Lightfoot argues from Col.
Paul cannot have converted Philemon at Colossae (Col.
10 that his name was well known and respected at Colossae about A.D.
When Mark appears once more, it is in Paul's company at Rome, as a fellow-worker joining in salutations to Christians at Colossae (Col.
From Serai Keui); (7) Colossae (near Chonas); (8) Ceretapa Diocaesarea (Kayadibi); (9) Themisonium (Karayuk Bazar); (IO) Tacina (Yarishli); (II) Sanaus (Sari Ka y ak, in Daz Kiri); (12) Dionysopolis (Orta Keui); (13) Anastasiopolis, originally a village of the Hyrgaleis (Utch Kuyular); (14) Attanassus (Eski Aidan); (15) Lunda (Eski Seid); (16) Peltae (Karayashlar); (17) Eumenea (Ishekli); 08) Siblia (Homa); (19) Pepuza (Duman or Suretli); (20) Bria (Bourgas); (21) Sebaste (Sivasli); (22) Eluza or Aludda (Hadj imlar); (23) Acmonia (Ahat Keui); (24) Alia (Kirka); (25) Siocharax (Otourak), (26) Dioclea (Dola); (27) Aristium (Karaj Euren, in Sitchanli Ova); (28) Cidyessus (Geukche Eyuk); (29) Apia (Abia); (30) Cotyaeum (Kutaiah); (31) Aezani (Tchavdir Hissar); (32) Tiberiopolis (Amed); (33) Cadoi (Gediz); (34) Ancyra (Kilisse Keui) (35) Synaus (Simav); (36) Flaviopolis Temenothyrae (Ushak); (37) Trajanopolis Grimenothyrae (Giaour Euren, near Orta Keui); (38) Blaundus (Suleimanli).
On the left bank are the Lycus (Churuk Su), which flows westwards by Colossae through a broad open valley that affords the only natural approach to the elevated plateau, the Harpasus (Ak Chai), and the Marsyas (China Chai).