Col.; Koluschan, S.
In general appearance flying-squirrels resemble ordinary squirrels, although they are even more beautifully [[col]oured.
The most considerable of them are—the Roja, which rises in the Col di Tenda and descends to Ventimiglia; the Taggia, between San Remo and Oneglia; and the Centa, which enters the sea at Albenga.
The northern frontier is crossed by the railway from Turin to Ventimiglia by the Col di Tenda, the Mont Cenis line from Turin to Modane (the tunnel is 7 m.
Col., 372), who, however, mistakenly thought it was the same as the Trogon pavoninus, a congeneric but quite distinct species from Brazil, that had just been described by Spix.
But really this stream is surpassed both in volume and length of course by two others which it joins beneath Briancon: - the Clairee, flowing in from the north, through the smiling Nevache glen, at the head of which, not far from the foot of the Mont Thabor (10,440 ft.), it rises in some small lakes, on the east side of the Col des Rochilles; and the Guisane (flowing in from the northwest and rising near the Col du Lautaret, 6808 ft.).
Of the town the Bied plunged into a deep chasm, on the steep rock face of which were formerly the subterranean mills of the Col des Roches, situated one above another; but the stream is now diverted by the above-mentioned tunnel, while another serves the railway line from Le Locle to Morteau in France (8 m.).
Cuneo lies on the railway from Turin to Ventimiglia, which farther on passes under the Col di Tenda (tunnel 5 m.
In height, extends, under the name of the mountains of Charolais, Beaujolais and Lyonnais, from the Col de Longpendu (west of Chalon-sur-Saone) in a southerly direction to the Col de Gier.
In 1793 he distinguished himself by the brilliant defence of a redoubt at the Col di Tenda, with only thirty men against a battalion of the enemy.
On this Henry's death in 1345 he was succeeded by a son of the same name, sometimes known as Henry Tort-Col or Wryneck, a very valiant commander in the French wars, whom the king advanced to the dignity of a duke.
His other works are Istoria critica e filosofica del suicidio (1761); Delle conquiste celebri esaminate col naturale diritto delle genti (1763); Storia critica del moderno diritto di natura e delle genti (1789); and a few poems and philosophic comedies.
Col.; Chinookan, Or.; Chitimachan, La.; Chumashan, S.
Col.; Sastean, Or.; Shahaptian, Or.; Shoshonean, Interior Basin; Siouan, Mo.
Col.; Takilman, Or.; Tanyoan, Mex.; Timuquanan, Fla.; Tonikan, Miss.; Tonkawan, Tex.; Uchean, Ga.; Waiilatpuan, Or.; Wakashan, Vancouver I.; Washoan, Nev.; Weitspekan, Or.; Wishoskan, Cal.; Yakonan, Or.; Yanan, Or.; Yukian, Cal.; Yuman, L.
140), had a collection of ten out of thirteen, in the order, Gal., r and 2 Cor., Rom., r and 2 Thess., Laodic. (= Eph.), Col., Phil., Philem.
Turin has, however, the advantage of being the nearest to the Mont Cenis, while the completion of the line through Cuneo over the Col di Tenda affords direct communication with the French Riviera.
The Cevennes, the Jura, the hills of central Germany, the Carpathians, the Apennines), which ar really independent ranges rather than offshoots of the main chain, the best limits are on the west (strictly speaking south), the Col d'Altare or di Cadibona (1624 ft.), leading from Turin to Savona and Genoa, and on the east the line of the railway over the Semmering Pass (3215 ft.) from Vienna to Marburg in the Mur valley, and on by Laibach to Trieste.
But what properly forms the western bit of the Alps runs, from near Turin to the Col de Tenda, in a southerly direction, then bending eastwards to the Col d'Altare that divides it from the Apennines.
Starting from the Col d'Altare or di Cadibona (west of Savona), the main chain extends first south-west, then north-west to the Col de Tenda, though nowhere rising much beyond the zone of coniferous trees.
Beyond the Col de Tenda the direction is first roughly west, then north-west to the Rocher des Trois Eveques (939 0 ft.), just south of the Mont Enchastraye (9695 ft.), several peaks of about 10,000 ft.
The lake of Thun, and those in the Upper Engadine, in the heart of the mountains, though these are naturally smaller in extent, while the true lakes of the High Alps are represented by the glacier lakes of the Marjelensee (near the Great Aletsch glacier) and those on the northern slope of the Col de Fenetre, between Aosta and the Val de Bagnes.
Hence the passes that can be shown to have been certainly known to them are comparatively few in number: they are, in topographical order from west to east, the Col de l'Argentiere, the Mont Genevre, the two St Bernards, the Spliigen, the Septimer, the Brenner, the Radsta.dter Tauern, the SOlkscharte, the P16cken and the Pontebba (or Saifnitz).
The Mont Genevre, that is most directly reached by the Col du Lautaret; and the Simplon, which is best gained by one of the lower passes over the western portion of the Bernese Oberland chain.
As late as 1905, the highest pass over the main chain that had a carriage road was the Great St Bernard (8111 ft.), but three still higher passes over side ridges have roads-the Stelvio (9055 ft.), the Col du Galibier (8721 ft.), in the Dauphine Alps, and the Umbrail Pass (8242 ft.).
Still more recently the main alpine chain has been subjected to the further indignity of having railway lines carried over it or through it-the Brenner and the Pontebba lines being cases of the former, and the Col de Tenda, the Mont Cenis (though the tunnel is really 17 m.
Our selected divisions relate only to the High Alps between the Col de Tenda and the route over the Radstddter Tauern, while in each of the 18 subdivisions the less elevated outlying peaks are regarded as appendages of the higher group within the topographical limits of which they rise.
As regards the main divisions, three are generally distinguished; the Western Alps (chiefly French and Italian, with a small bit of the Swiss Valais) being held to extend from the Col de Tenda to the Simplon Pass, the Central Alps (all but wholly Swiss and Italian) thence to the Reschen Scheideck Pass, and the Eastern Alps (wholly Austrian and Italian, save the small Bavarian bit at the north-west angle) thence to the Radstadter Tauern route, with a bend outwards towards the south-east, as explained under (2) in order to include the higher summits of the SouthEastern Alps.
Maritime Alps (from the Col de Tenda to the Col de l'Argentiere).
9,236 Col di Fremamorta (Tinee Valley to the Baths of Valdieri), bridle path..
8,426 Col della Ciriegia (St Martin Vesubie to the Baths of Valdieri), bridle path 8,370 Col des Granges Communes (St Etienne de Tinee to Barce lonnette), bridle path.
8,242 Col de Pourriac (Tinee Valley to Argentera), foot path 8,222 Col della Finestre (St Martin de Vesubie to Valdieri), bridle path.
8,107 Col di Guercia (Tinee Valley to Vinadio), foot path..
8,042 Col della Lombarda (same to same), bridle path..
7,858 Col de la Cayolle (Var Valley to Barcelonnette), carriage road 7,717 Col di Santa Anna (Tinee Valley to Vinadio), bridle path 7,605 Col del Sabbione (Tenda to Valdieri), bridle path 7,428 Col d'Allos or de Valgelaye (Verdon Valley to Barcelonnette), carriage road.
7,382 Col de l'Argentiere (Barcelonnette to Cuneo), carriage road.
6,545 Col de Tenda (Tenda to Cuneo), carriage road, railway beneath.
Cottian Alps (from the Col de l'Argentiere to the Mont Cenis and westwards to the Col du Galibier).
Col d'Ambin (Exilles to Bramans), snow..
Col de St Veran (Val Varaita to the Queyras Valley), foot path.
Col d'Etache (Bardonneche to Bramans), bridle path Col dell' Agnello (Val Varaita to the Queyras Valley), bridle path.
Col Girardin (Ubaye Valley to the Queyras Valley), bridle path..
8,855 Col de Sautron (Val Maira to Barcelonnette), bridle path.
8,823 Col de Longet (Ubaye Valley to Val Varaita), bridle path.
8,767 Col de Mary or de Maurin (Ubaye Valley to Val Maira), bridle path.
8,695 Col de la Roue (Bardonneche to Modane), bridle path 8,419 Col de Frejus (same to same), carriage road, beneath which is the so-called Mont Cenis railway tunnel.
Col de Clapier (Bramans to Susa), bridle path..
Col d'Izouard (Briancon to the Queyras Valley), carriage road.
Col de la Croix (Torre Pellice to Abries), bridle path Petit Mont Cenis (Bramans to the Mont Cenis Plateau), bridle path.
7,166 Col de Vars (Ubaye Valley to the Queyras Valley), carriage road.
6,893 Col de Sestrieres (Pignerol to Cesanne), carriage road 6,631 Mont Genevre (Briancon to Cesanne), carriage road.
6,083 Col des Echelles de Planpinet (Briancon to Bardonneche), partly carriage road 5,774 3.
Dauphine Alps (from the Col du Galibier, westwards and southwards).
11.625 Col des Avalanches (La Berarde to Vallouise), snow..
11,520 Col de la Casse Deserte (La Berarde to La Grave), snow.
11,516 Col Emile Pic (La Grave to Vallouise), snow.
11,490 Col des Ecrins (La Berarde to Vallouise), snow..
11,205 Col du Glacier Blanc (La Grave to Vallouise), snow.
ï¿½ 10,854 Col du Sele (La Berarde to Vallouise), snow 10,834 Breche de la Meije (La Berarde to la Grave), snow..
Thence for a short way the direction is north to the Col de la Seigne, and then north-east along the crest of the Mont Blanc chain, which culminates in the peak of Mont Blanc (15,782 ft.), the loftiest in the Alps.
Col de la Lauze (St Christophe to La Grave), snow..
8,708 Col d'Abries or de Prali (Perosa to Abries), bridle path.