Sars, " Rhabdopleura," Christiania Univ.
Unger (Christiania, 1848); Li Romans d'Alixandre, by H.
(For detail see Collett, Christiania Vidensk.
In Norway there is a small Jewish settlement (especially in Christiania) who are engaged in industrial pursuits and enjoy complete liberty.
Immense quantities are imported into Britain from Norway, Sweden and Prussia, under the names of "white Norway," "Christiania" and "Danzig deal."
Of Christiania by rail.
Astrup, Blandt Nordpolen's Naboer (Christiania, 1895).
Unger, Christiania, 1860) deals with the geste of Guillaume.
TONSBERG, a fortified seaport of Norway, in JarlsbergLaurvik amt (county), situated on a bay on the south coast, near the entrance to Christiania Fjord, 72 m.
Of Christiania on the Skien railway.
There is regular steamer communication with London, Christiania, Hamburg, Rotterdam and Amsterdam.
In 1815 he entered the cathedral school at Christiania, and three years later he gave proof of his mathematical genius by his brilliant solutions of the original problems proposed by B.
About this time, his father, a poor Protestant minister, died, and the family was left in straitened circumstances; but a small pension from the state allowed Abel to enter Christiania University in 1821.
One of the most noteworthy Scandinavian periodicals has been the Nordisk Universitets Tidsskrift (1854-1864), a bond of union between the universities of Christiania, Upsala, Lund and Copenhagen.
The increased interest which has been shown in the history of all creed-forms since the latter part of the r9th century is due in a great measure to the work of the veteran pioneer, Professor P. Caspari of Christiania, who began the herculean task of classifying the enormous number of creed-forms which have been recovered from obscure pages of early Christian literature.
Heurtley, Harmonia Symbolica (1858): C. P. Caspari, Quellen zur Geschichte des Taufsymbols and der Glauhensregel (Christiania, 1866); and Alte and neue Quellen (1879); T.
Of Christiania by the Skien railway.
Her voyage to Scotland was interrupted by a violent storm - for the raising of which several Danish and Scottish witches were burned or executed - which drove her on the coast of Norway, whither the impatient James came to meet her, the marriage taking place at Opslo (now Christiania) on the 23rd of November.
Unger (Christiania, 1860), see also G.
This council was nominated by the governments of Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Russia, Germany, Great Britain, Holland and Belgium, with headquarters in Copenhagen and a central laboratory at Christiania, and its aim was to furnish data for the improvement of the fisheries of the North Sea and surrounding waters.
Fox, of the Central Laboratory of the International Council at Christiania, has investigated the relation of the atmospheric gases to sea-water by very exact experimental methods and arrived at the following expressions for the absorption of oxygen and nitrogen by sea-water of different degrees of concentration.
Makaroff, The Yermak in the Ice (in Russian) (St Petersburg, 1901); The Norwegian North Atlantic Expedition (on the " Voringen "), 1876-1878 (Christiania, 1880-1900); Expeditions scientifiques du " Travailleur " et du " Talisman," 1880-1883 (Paris, 1891 et seq.); Die Ergebnisse der Plankton-Expedition, 1889 (Kiel, 1892 et seq.); Resultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies sur son yacht par Albert I e ' Prince Souverain de Monaco (Monaco, from 1889); The Danish " Ingolf " Expedition, 1806 (Copenhagen, 1900); Prof. Luksch, Expeditionen S.M.
Nansen, The Norwegian North Polar Expedition, 1893-1896 (Christiania and London, 1900); R.
See Just Matthias Thiele, Christian den Ottende (Copenhagen, 1848); Yngvar Nielsen, Bidrag til Norges Historie (Christiania, 1882-1886).
Of Stockholm by the Christiania railway.
See Cecilia Math-Holmberg, Carl XV., som enskild man, konung och konstncir (Stockholm, 1891); Yngvar Nielsen, Det norske og svenske Kongehus fra 1818 (Christiania, 1883).
Honorary academic degrees were conferred upon him by the universities of Cairo, Christiania, Berlin, Cambridge and Oxford, and he was given both popular and official ovations of almost royal distinction - ovations which were repeated by his own countrymen on his return to America.
Of Christiania on the Gothenburg railway.
It is the junction for an alternative line to Christiania following the Glommen valley.
After being in confinement for some years, he was released in 1814 on payment of a fine, and retiring to an estate at Breddwill, near Christiania, he died there on the 29th of March 1824.
For an account of his life and doctrines see C. Bang's Hans Nielsen Hauge og hans Samtid (Christiania; 2nd ed., 1875); O.
Maurer, Die Bekehrung des norwegischen Stammes (2 vols., Munich, 1855-1856); Bang, Udsigt over den norske Kirkes historie under Katholicismen (Christiania, 1887); P. Gams, Series episcoporum ecclesiae catholicae (Regensburg, 1873); C. Eubel, Hierarchia catholica medii aevi (2 vols., Munster, 1898, 1901); P. Hinschius, System des kath.
Van Lyng, Om den Kyrenaiske skole (Christiania, 1868); and general ethical text-books.
Of Christiania by sea.
The port is the largest on the south coast, and all the coast steamers, and those serving Christiania from London, Hull, Grangemouth, Hamburg, &c., touch here.
Sars, Norges politiske historia (Christiania, 1899) Yngvar Nielsen, Carl Johan som han virkelig var (Christiania, 1897); Johan Almen, Atten Bernadotte (Stockholm, 1893); C. Schefer, Bernadotte roi (Paris, 1899); G.
Theodorae, &c. (Christiania, 1885), many corrections to which are published in the appendix to H.
The collected writings of Dass were edited (3 vols., Christiania, 1873-1877) by Dr. A.
Vogt, Dublin som Norsk By (Christiania, 1896).
Munch of Christiania (1860).
To Trollha.ttan, and into Norway (Christiania); N.E.
Collett, Myodes lemmus, its habits and migrations in Norway (Christiania Videnskabs-Selskabs Forhandlinger, 1895).
I, 2, Christiania, 1867); A.
Hansen, Landn¢m i Norge (Christiania, 1904); J.
MARIUS SOPHUS LIE (1842-1899), Norwegian mathematician, was born at Nordfjordeif, near Bergen, on the 17th of December 1842, and was educated at the university of Christiania, where he took his doctor's degree in 1868 and became extraordinary professor of mathematics (a chair created specially for him) four years later.
But his health was broken down by too assiduous study, and he died at Christiania on the 18th of February 1899, six months after his return.
In the south of England, with the habit of an annual, it ripens its seeds in favourable seasons; and it has been known to come to maturity as far north as Christiania in Norway.
Nielsen, Bergen fra die aldste tider indtil nutiden (Christiania, 1877); H.
The story as found in these two manuscripts has been pronounced by competent critics, especially Professor Gustav Storm of the university of Christiania, as the best and the most trustworthy record.
DRAMMEN, a seaport of Norway, in Buskerud and JarlsbergLaurvik amter (counties), at the head of Drammen Fjord, a western arm of Christiania Fjord, 33 m.
It is the junction of railways from Christiania to Haugsund, Kongsberg and H8nefos, and to Laurvik and Skien.
The harbours of Copenhagen, Elsinore and other towns were enlarged; many decaying towns were abolished and many new ones built under more promising conditions, including Christiania, which was founded in August 1624, on the ruins of the ancient city of Oslo.
In 1812-1814 an elaborate collection in five volumes appeared at Christiania, edited by W.
4 His works were edited by Gustav Storm (Christiania, 1877-1879) the Hexaemeron, a poem on the creation, in six books, which did not appear till 1661.
The duke of Abruzzi started from Christiania in his yacht, the "Stella Polare," to make the first attempt to force a ship into the newly discovered ocean north of Franz Josef Land.
Of Christiania by the Christiania-Gothenburg railway.
It lies at the mouth and on the eastern shore of Christiania fjord, occupying both banks of the great river Glommen, which, descending from the richly-wooded district of Osterdal, floats down vast quantities of timber.
There is also a great industry in the making of red bricks, owing to the expansion of Christiania, Gothenburg and other towns.
The exact etymology of vikingr itself is not certain: for we do not know whether vik is used in a general sense (bay, harbour) in this connexion, or in a particular sense as the Vik, the Skagerrack and Christiania Fjord.
There exist at the museum in Christiania the remains of two boats which were found in the neighbourhood: one, the Gokstad ship, is in very tolerable preservation.
It lies on the south side of the broad Trondhjem Fjord on a low peninsula between the fjord and the River Nid, its situation, though picturesque, lacking the peculiar beauty of that of Christiania or Bergen.
The government works the trunk lines from Stockholm to Malmo, to Gothenburg and to Christiania as far as the Norwegian frontier, and other important through routes in the south.
Of Christiania by the Skien railway.
In 5879 Arendal ranked second (after Christiania) as a ship-owning port; in 5899 it had dropped to the fifth place.