This very popularity had the effect of attracting into their ranks charlatans of the worst type.
De Bresetz; Les Charlatans modernes, ou lettres sur le charlatanisme academique (1791); Les Aventures du comte Potowski (published in 1847 by Paul Lacroix, the "bibliophile Jacob"); Lettres polonaises (unpublished).
Charlatans and hypocrites who were gathered under the same roof.
The Gnostic ideas of salvation were in the later schools and sects transferred to these persons whom we must consider as rather obscure charlatans and miracle-mongers, just as in other cases they were transferred to the person of Christ.
His most popular contemporaries seemed to him to be false guides, and charlatans had ousted the heroes.