He took priests' orders and appears to have held the chaplaincy of St Matthews, Dundee, but in March 1539 he was accused of heresy, apparently for having, in conjunction with his brothers, written some anti-Catholic ballads.
He became tutor to the son of Sir William Hickes, and was eventually glad to accept the patronage of William Pierrepont, earl of Kingston, whose kindly offer of a chaplaincy he had refused earlier.
Wished to appoint him canon of Windsor, but the prime minister, Lord Liverpool, objected; Sumner received instead a royal chaplaincy and librarianship, and other preferments quickly followed, till in 1826 he was consecrated bishop of Llandaff and in 1827 bishop of Winchester.
In October 189 9 he resigned his chaplaincy for reasons of health, and settled at Bellevue, somewhat farther away from Paris.
In some cases a parish priest is also appointed to a chaplaincy, but in so far as he is a chaplain he has no parochial duties.
He held at the same time the chaplaincy of Lincoln's Inn, for which he had resigned Guy's (1846-1860), but when he offered to resign this the benchers refused.
He was charged with heterodoxy, and Alfred 0111vant (1798-1882), bishop of Llandaff, required him to resign his chaplaincy, but he remained at the college in spite of these difficulties.
In 1686 he accepted the invitation to the first court chaplaincy at Dresden.
In 1644 he retired to Oxford, and held a chaplaincy at New College until the city surrendered to the parliamentary forces in 1646.
In 1887 he removed to Glasgow as professor of church history; he had also been appointed in 1886 to a chaplaincy to Queen Victoria.
He next obtained a chaplaincy in the navy, from which he appears to have been speedily dismissed for bad conduct with the reputation of worse.
The High Church party in England had induced Vere to dismiss him from the chaplaincy; but he was still held, deservedly, in such reverence, that it was arranged he should attend the synod, and accordingly he was retained by the Calvinist party at four florins a day to watch the proceedings on their behalf and advise them when necessary.
With bitter indignation Swift denounced the simony and threw up his chaplaincy, but he was ultimately reconciled to Berkeley by the presentation to the rectory of Agher in Meath with the united vicarages of Laracor and Rathbeggan, to which was added the prebend of Dunlavin in St Patrick's - the total value being about 230 a year.
In 1686 Spener accepted an appointment to the court-chaplaincy at Dresden, which opened to him a wider though more difficult sphere of labour.
In London he met Swift, who procured him a chaplaincy at Hull.
After losing the Hull chaplaincy through a change of ministry in 1714, he devoted himself to writing.
He may, and often does, accept a parochial office or chaplaincy in addition.
In May 1521 he was appointed to a chaplaincy attached to the altar of La Gesine in the cathedral of Noyon, and received the tonsure.
His mind was made up, and on the 4th of May he resigned his chaplaincy at Noyon and his rectorship at Pont l'Eveque.
He was ordained in 1795, and after holding a chaplaincy in India at Barrackpur (1797-1799) was appointed Calcutta chaplain and vice-principal of the college of Fort William.
He accordingly obtained a chaplaincy under the East India Company and left for India on the 5th of July 1805.