The physically delicate boy was put into the ecclesiastical school of St Dizier, without any intention of a clerical career; but he decided for the priesthood, and in 1874 entered the Grand Seminaire of Chalons-sur-Marne.
Mgr Meignan, then bishop of Chalons, afterwards cardinal and archbishop of Tours, ordained him priest in 1879.
Of Chalons-sur-Marne, on the main line of the Eastern railway between that town and Nancy.
In 1419 Louis of Bar, brother of the last-named, a cardinal and bishop of Chalons, gave the duchy of Bar to Rene of Anjou, the grandson of his sister Yolande, who married Isabella, duchess of Lorraine.
In 1257 the twelve peers were the chiefs of the great feudal provinces, the dukes of Normandy, Burgundy and Aquitaine, the counts of Toulouse, Champagne and Flanders, and six spiritual peers, the archbishop of Reims, the bishops of Laon, Chalons-sur-Marne, Beauvais, Langres and Noyon.
Alberic Trium Fontium, a monk of the Cistercian monastery of Trois Fontanes in the diocese of Chalons, embodied much poetical fiction in his chronicle (c. 1249).
They were tributary to Attila the Hun, under whom they served at the battle of Chalons in 451.
The town formerly had a considerable manufacture of serges and shalloons, or light woollen linings, so called from Chalons-sur-Marne, France.
He afterwards became bishop of Chalons-sur-Marne, and took part in the dispute concerning investitures as a supporter of Calixtus II., whom he represented at the conference of Mousson.
His reign is marked by the dismemberment of the Western Empire; the conquest of the province of Africa by the Vandals in 439; the final abandonment of Britain in 446; the loss of great portions of Spain and Gaul, in which the barbarians had established themselves; and the ravaging of Sicily and of the western coasts of the Mediterranean by the fleets of Genseric. As a set-off against these calamities there was the great victory of Aetius over Attila in 451 near Chalons, and his* successful campaigns against the Visigoths in southern Gaul (426, 4 2 9, 436), and against various invaders on the Rhine and Danube (428-31).
In 1445, at the conferences of Chalons-surMarne, the duchess of Burgundy renounced these claims in her husband's name in order to assure the execution of the treaty of Arras.
After the earlier disasters in 1870, he was appointed by the emperor first commandant of the troops of Chalons camp, and soon afterwards (Aug.
Then followed, in 451, that westward movement across the Rhine which was only arrested at last, with terrible slaughter, on the Catalaunian plains (according to common belief, in the neighbourhood of the modern Chalons, but more probably at a point some 50 m.
It was the speeches of Ledru-Rollin and Louis Blanc at working-men's banquets in Lille, Dijon and Chalons that really heralded the revolution.
By the marriage of John of Chalons with Marie de Baux, the house of Chalons succeeded to the sovereignty in 1393.
The princes of Orange-Chalons were (1) John I., 1393-1418, (2) Louis 1418-1463, (3) William VIII., 14631 475, (4) John II., (1475-1502, (5) Philibert, 1502-1530.
Philibert had no children, and he was succeeded by his nephew Rene of Nassau-Chalons, son of Philibert's sister Claudia and Henry, count of Nassau, the confidential friend and counsellor of Charles V.
By the terms of their subjection to the Huns, the East Goths came to fight for Attila against Christendom at Chalons, just as the Servians came to fight for Bajazet against Christendom at Nicopolis.
A decisive battle was fought near the modern Chalons, in which Tetricus was defeated.
But in 1695 Louis Antoine de Noailles, bishop of Chalons, was made archbishop of Paris.
He was known to be very hostile to the Jesuits, and at Chalons had more than once expressed official approval of Quesnel's Reflexions.
Alice of Burgundy, countess of Auxerre, married John of Chalons (d.
1309), and several counts of Auxerre belonging to the house of Chalons distinguished themselves in the wars against the English during the 14th century.