A Chaldean prince, Nabopolassar, set himself up in Babylonia, and Assyria was compelled to invoke the aid of the Askuza.
The newly formed Chaldean power at once recognized in Necho a dangerous rival and Nabopolassar sent his son Nebuchadrezzar, who overthrew the Egyptian forces at Carchemish (605).
The battle was the turning-point of the age, and with it the succession of the new Chaldean or Babylonian kingdom was assured.
The discontented appealed to Rome, and the pope (Julius III.) consecrated the Chaldean catholikos.
For a time Jehoiakim remained under the protection of Necho and paid heavy tribute; but with the rise of the new Chaldean Empire under Nebuchadrezzar and the overthrow of Egypt at the battle of Carchemish (605 B.C.) a vital change occurred.
The earliest metallic money did not consist of coins, but of unminted metal in the form of rings and other ornaments or of weapons, which were used for thousands of years by the Egyptian, Chaldean and Assyrian Empires.
4 Lenormant, Chaldean Magic, p. I.
The population is estimated at 27,000, of whom about one-half are Christians of the Armenian, Chaldean, Jacobite, Protestant and Roman Catholic communities.
But Egypt was now at once confronted by the Neo-Babylonian or Chaldean Empire (under Nabopolassar), which, after annihilating Assyria with the help of the Medians, naturally claimed a right to the Mediterranean coast-lands.
According to the Chaldean Nabonidus (553) all the kings from Gaza to 'the Euphrates assisted in his buildings, and the Chaldean policy generally appears to have been favourable towards faithful vassals.
It was a metropolitan see of the Chaldean Christians.
He came to the throne at the age of eighteen in the midst of the Chaldean invasion of Judah, and is said to have reigned three months.
Those who hold (2) have to suppose that original references to the Scythians were retouched under the impression of Chaldean invasions.
To say with Winckler 4 that he was " a decided adherent of the Chaldean party " is to go beyond the evidence.
Nebuchadrezzar seems to have been of Chaldean origin.