The following form which Seeberg gives as the creed of St Paul is an artificial combination of fragments of oral teaching, which naturally reappear in the teaching of St Peter, but finds no attestation in the later creeds of particular churches which would prove its claim to be their parent form: " The living God who created all things sent His Son Jesus Christ, born of the seed of David, who died for our sins according to the scriptures, and was buried, who was raised on the third day according to the scriptures, and appeared to Cephas and the XI I., who sat at the Der Katechismus der Urchristenheit, p. 85.
(e) " Cephas" is found.
It appears that the apostle had two names, each existing in a double form - Greek and Hebrew, Symeon (iivr,w) which was Graecized according to the sound into Simon, and Cephas (s;') which was Graecized according to the meaning into Peter (Mrpos).
Symeon and Simon are both well-known names in Aramaic and Greek respectively, but Cephas and Peter are previously unknown.
The Gospels agree in regarding Cephas or Peter as an additional name, which was given by Christ.
27, that he was at the time known as " Levi the son of Alphaeus " (compare Simon Cephas, Joseph Barnabas) :: if so, " James the son of Alphaeus " may have been his brother.
5 ff., where he seems to quote the language of Palestinian tradition, in saying that Christ "appeared to Cephas; then to the Twelve; then.