Was an attempt to unite the eremitical and cenobitical modes of life.
He declared that the cenobitical life is superior to the eremitical; that fasting and austerities should not interfere with prayer or work; that work should form an integral part of the monastic life, not merely as an occupation, but for its own sake and in order to do good to others; and therefore that monasteries should be near towns.
The life St Basil established was strictly cenobitical, with common prayer seven times a day, common work, common meals.
The Vallombrosians (1038) near Florence maintained a cenobitical life, but eliminated every element of Benedictine life that was not devoted to pure contemplation.
It is a curious coincidence that the sister of each of the three great cenobitical founders, Pachomius, Basil and Benedict, was a nun and ruled a community of nuns according to an adaptation of her brother's rule for monks.
The life was fully cenobitical, regulated in all details by minute rules, and with prayer and meals in common.
In another respect too St Pachomius broke new ground: not only did he inaugurate Christian cenobitical life, but he also created the first " Religious Order."
In the Lauras the young monks lived a cenobitical life, but the elders a semi-eremitical one, each in his own hut within the precincts of the Laura, attending only the solemn church services.
ST PACHOMIUS (292-346), Egyptian monk, the founder of Christian cenobitical life, was born, probably in 292, at Esna in Upper Egypt, of heathen parents.