Celt (people) >>
See the article Celt, § Literature, IV.
Welsh, the Celtic language spoken by the ancient Britons, is the domestic tongue of the majority of the inhabitants of the Principality.
For the Book of the Dean of Lismore see CELT: Scottish Gaelic Literature.
Strabo and Velleius, moreover, classify them as Germani, and this is perhaps the more probable view, although apparently the distinction between Celt and Teuton was not clearly realized by some of the earlier historians.
A detailed account of it will be found in the article Celt: Celtic Literature, § iv.
It is the practice to speak of the dark-complexioned people of France, Great Britain and Ireland as " black Celts," although the ancient writers never applied the term " Celt " to any dark-complexioned person.
See further the article CELT, sections Language and Literature.
But both Celt and Northman acknowledged the polity of Eugenius, and it was chiefly in the matters of tithe, Peter's pence, canonical degrees and the observance of festivals that Rome had still victories to gain.
But as the most dreaded of these Celtic tribes came down from the shores of the Baltic and Northern Ocean, the ancients applied the name Celt to those peoples who are spoken of as Teutonic in modern parlance.
The names generally given to the three prehistoric periods of man's life on the earth - the Stone, the Bronze and the Iron age - imply the vast importance of the progressive steps from the flint knife to the bronze celt, and lastly to the keen-edged elastic iron weapon or tool.
Hence the connexion between Celt and Teuton as regards writing must go back to a period preceding the Viking inroads of the 8th century.
CELT, or Kelt, the generic name of an ancient people, the bulk of whom inhabited the central and western parts of Europe.
(For the sense of a primitive stone tool, see the separate article, later.) Much confusion has arisen from the inaccurate use of the terms " Celt " and " Celtic."
Brittany, which was dependent on the province of Tours, had just for a time recovered its independence, thanks to its duke Nominoe: The struggle between the two nationalities, the Celt and the Frank, found a reflexion in the sphere of religion.
It is now many years that men have resorted to the forest for fuel and the materials of the arts: the New Englander and the New Hollander, the Parisian and the Celt, the farmer and Robin Hood, Goody Blake and Harry Gill; in most parts of the world the prince and the peasant, the scholar and the savage, equally require still a few sticks from the forest to warm them and cook their food.
Its chief distinctions are that during the later Republic and earlier Empire it yielded excellent soldiers, and thus much aided the success of Caesar against Pompey and of Octavian against Antony, and that it gave Rome the poet Virgil (by origin a Celt), the historian Livy, the lyrist Catullus, Cornelius Nepos, the elder and the younger Pliny and other distinguished writers?
Webster, " The Celt-iberians," Academy xl.
Three stone metates, one stone axe, one celt and fifteen hammerstones were found.
Among the wooden objects recovered from the relic beds were tubs, plates, ladles and spoons, a flail for threshing corn, a last for stretching shoes of hide, celt handles, clubs, long-bows of yew, floats and implements of fishing and a dug-out canoe 12 ft.
For a discussion of this question see Celt: Scottish Gaelic Literature.