Catalonian is still spoken here.
He was expelled in 1311 by his Catalonian mercenaries; the mutineers bestowed the duchy " of Athens and Neopatras " on their leader, Roger Deslaur, and, in the following year, on Frederick of Aragon, king of Sicily.
The earliest among Majorcan and Catalonian cartographers is Angelino Dulcert (1325-1339) whom A.
In the 13th century Gaston VII., of the Catalonian house of Moncade, made Orthez his seat of government.
In 1640 Barcelona was the centre of the Catalonian rebellion against Philip IV., and threw itself under French protection.
Berga (5465), perhaps the Roman Castrum Bergium, on the Llobregat, is the home of the Catalonian cotton industry.
While, again, continuous mountain ranges and broad plains and table-lands give the prevailing character to the scenery, there are, on the one hand, lofty isolated peaks, such as Monseny, Montserrat and Mont Sant in Catalonia, the Pea Golosa in Valencia, Moncayo on the borders of Aragon and Old Castile, and, on the other hand, small secluded valleys, such as those of Vich and Olot among the Catalonian Pyrenees.