Just outside the south wall is a Roman necropolis, with massive tombs in masonry, and a Christian catacomb, and a little farther south a tomb in two stories, a mixture of Doric and Ionic architecture, belonging probably to the 2nd century B.C., though groundlessly called Dimensions in English feet.
Fabian was martyred during the persecution under the emperor Decius, his death taking place on the 10th of January 250, and was buried in the catacomb of Calixtus, where a memorial has been found.
CATACOMB, a subterranean excavation for the interment of the dead or burial-vault.
In this sense the word " catacomb " has gained universal acceptance, and has found a place in most modern languages.
" The end of the catacomb graves," writes Mommsen (Cont.
One of the most perfect examples of early Christian pictorial decoration, the socalled " Dispute with the Doctors," in the catacomb of Calixtus, the " antique style of beauty " of which is noticed by Kugler, has thus suffered irreparable mutilation, the whole of the lower part of the picture having been destroyed by the excavation of a fresh grave-recess (Bottari, vol.
- Plan of a supposed Church, Catacomb of Sant' Agnese.
The most remarkable of these baptisteries is that in the catacomb of San Pontianus (fig.
Catacomb of benches cut out of the tufa rock.
It is true that a catacomb is often connected with the earlier sand-quarry, and starts from it as a commencement, but the two are excavated in different strata, suitable to their respective purposes, and their plan and construction are so completely unlike as to render any confusion between them impossible.
16) from Marchi's work, when compared with that of the catacomb of Sant' Agnese already given, presents 1 In Rome the three strata are known to geologists as tufa litoide, tufa granolare and pozzolana.
A Jewish catacomb, now lost, was discovered and described by Bosio (Rom.
It must suffice to say that the earliest examples are only to be distinguished from the mural decorations employed by their pagan contemporaries (as seen at Pompeii and r Mommsen's chosen example of an ancient burial-chamber, extending itself into a catacomb, or gathering subterranean additions round it till a catacomb was established, is that of the cemetery of St Domitilla, traditionally identified with a granddaughter of Vespasian, and the catacomb of Santi Nereo ed Achilleo on the Appian and Ardeatine way.
This catacomb contains an unquestionable example of a church, divided into a nave and chancel, with a rude stone altar and bishop's seat behind it.
19, 20), from Agincourt, of the catacomb and of one of the circular halls, show how widely this cemetery differs in arrangement from the Roman catacombs.
At Taormina in Sicily is a Saracenic catacomb, also Taornlna.
Passing to Egypt, a small Christian catacomb at Alexandria is described and figured by de Rossi.'
- Plan of Catacomb at Alexandria.
- Section of a Gallery in Catacomb at Alexandria.
Stevenson, since dead, discovered in 1896 a small subterranean basilica in the catacomb of Santi Pietro e Marcellino on the Via Labicana, with pious acclamations on the plaster similar to those in the Papal crypt in St Calixtus.
In 1899-1900 were discovered two opposite cubicula in the catacomb of Santi Pietro e Marcellino.
A catacomb of the 5th century, discovered at Kertch in South Russia, is described by J.
Hot water was mixt with the wine in the Greek churches for some centuries, and this custom is seen in catacomb paintings.