In the nth century Desiderius, abbot of Monte Casino, sent to Constantinople for workers in mosaic.
The Teatro Esteban, Casino Espanol and Government House are noteworthy among the buildings.
In 1789, with a royal casino, and large silk factories which are still active.
From the general confiscation were exempted the buildings actually used for public worship, as episcopal residences or seminaries, &c., or which had been appropriated to the use of schools, poorhouses, hospitals, &c.; as well as the buildings, appurtenances, and movable property of the abbeys of Monte Casino, Della Cava dci Tirreni, San Martino della Scala, Monneale, Certosa near Pavia, and other establishments of the same kind of importance as architectural or historical monuments.
Central Park is surrounded by hotels, theatres, cafés and clubs, the last including the Centro Asturiano and Casino Espanol.
Adjoining the Casino terrace and overlooking the sea is the pigeon-shooting ground, the competitions on which are celebrated.
Its centre is faced by the casino, a handsome building, and the summer palace and park of Miramar occupy the rising ground towards its western extremity.
On the west of Arnhem is another pleasure ground, called the Reeberg, with a casino, and the woods of Heienoord.
On the north lies the bay of Monaco; along the lower ground on the west of the bay stretches the health and bathing resort of Condamine, with orange-gardens, manufactures of perfumes and liqueurs, and the chapel of Ste Devote, the patron saint of Monaco; to the north of the bay on the rocky slopes of the Spelugues (speluncae) are grouped the various buildings of the Casino of Monte Carlo with the elaborate gardens and the numerous villas and hotels which it has called into existence.
In the Avenue de France or Avenue Jules Ferry are the chief hotels and cafes, the casino-theatre, the principal banks and the finest shops.
A fine casino and the royal chalet are prominent objects along the sea front, and the sea-bathing is unsurpassed.