The humid transition belt is the habitat of California's magnificent forests.
At least the coniferous forests which make up nine-tenths of California's woodland surpass all others known in number of species and in the size and beauty of the trees.
Small fruits, orchard fruits, hay, garden products and grains are decreasingly dependent on irrigation; wheat, which was once California's great staple, is (for good, but not for best results) comparatively independent of it, - hence its early predominance in Californian agriculture, due to this success on arid lands since taken over for more remunerative irrigated crops.
The essential character of California's economic life has been determined by the successive predominance of grass, gold, grain and fruits.
Wheat was long California's greatest crop. Its production steadily increased till about 1884, the production in 1880, the banner year, being more than 54 million bushels (32,537,360 centals).
In 1899 California's output of fruit was more than a fifth of that of the whole Union.
In borax (of which California's output in 1904 was 45,647 tons) and structural materials San Bernardino has a long lead.
There have been no Indian wars in California's annals, but many butcheries.
Hunt, " Genesis of California's First Constitution "; Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, xii., R.