It is noted also as the birthplace of Caldas, the Colombian naturalist, and of Mosquera, the geographer.
There are mineral springs at La Estrada and at Caldas de Reyes, 11 m.
Among the earlier explorers to reach its summit were Bouger and La Condamine, Humboldt and Bonpland, and Jose Caldas, the Granadian naturalist.
MANIZALES, a city of Colombia and capital of the department of Caldas (up to 1905 the northern part of Antioquia, 75 m.
Portugal abounds in hot and medicinal springs, such as those of Caldas de Monchique, Caldas da Rainha and Vidago.
The finest Caldas da Rainha china-ware, with its fantastic representations of birds, beasts and fishes, still commands a fair price in foreign markets; but the blue and white ware originally copied from Delft and later modified under the influence of Persian pottery is now only 'manufactured in small quantities, of inferior quality.