Calcification and calcareous deposits are extremely common in many pathological conditions.
The long bones of the limbs consist of an axis of cartilage; the extremities of the cartilages frequently undergo calcification and are thus converted into epiphyses.
The old idea of the circulating blood being supersaturated with lime salts which in some way had first become liberated from atrophying bones, and then deposited, to form calcified areas in different tissues will have to be given up, as there is no evidence that this " metastatic " calcification ever takes place.
In other Cheilostomes the amount of calcification may be much less, the supporting skeleton being largely composed of the organic material chitin.
- Shell of Aspergillum vaginiferum to show the original valves a, now embedded in a continuous calcification of tubular form.
Have only one centre of calcification, or may be compound.