But when it is granted that the ancient Hebrews, like other primitive peoples, had their own mythical and traditional figures, the story of Cain becomes less obscure.
The mark set upon Cain is usually regarded as some tribal mark or sign analogous to the cattle marks of Bedouin and the related usages in Europe.
The suggestion has been made that the name Cain is the eponym, of the Kenites, and although this clan has a good name almost everywhere in the Old Testament, yet in Num.
The two ideas combined in the story of the restless fugitive akin to Cain and wandering for ever are separately represented in the current names given to this figure in different countries.
Of Kenite interest is the position'of Cain, ancestor of heroes of culture and of the worship of Yahweh (Gen.
CAIN, in the Bible, the eldest son of Adam and Eve (Gen.
On the story of Cain, see especially Sta de,A kademische Reden,pp.229-273; Ed.
620-628, and 4411-4417) has made it extremely probable that Cain the nomad and outlaw (Gen.
1-16) was originally distinct from Cain the city-builder (vv.
22 where Tubal-cain is the "father" of those who work in bronze (or copper).
They believed that Cain derived his existence from the superior power, and Abel from the inferior power, and that in this respect he was the first of a line which included Esau, Korah, the Sodomites and Judas Iscariot.
Somewhat curiously, but very naturally, Enoch the son of Cain is confused with the Enoch who was translated to heaven - an error which the author of the Old English Genesis avoids, though (according to the existing text) he confounds the names of Enoch and Enos.
The finest of these are "Cain and Abel," and "Samson with the Gates of Gaza."
Cain) at Paris in 1846; and an Italian Biografia di Davide Garrick was published by C. Blasis at Milan in 1840.
Although some connexion with the name of Cain is probable, it is difficult, however, to explain the curse (for one view, see Levites).
His SOD, George Cabot Lodge (1873-1909), also became known as an author, with The Song of the Wave (1898), Poems, 1899-1902 (1902), The Great Adventure (1905), Cain: a Drama (1904), Herakles (1908) and other verse.
17-18, Cain (Heb.
Domenech, L'Empire cain (Mexico, 1866), and Le Mexique tel qu'il est (Paris, 1867); Daran, El General Miguel Miramon (in French) (Rome, 1886); Schmidt von Tavera, Gesch.
The narrative in Genesis which tells us that "the Lord had respect unto Abel and to his offering, but unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect," is supplemented by the statement of the New Testament, that "by faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain" (Heb.
4), and that Cain slew Abel "because his own works were evil and his brother's righteous" (1 John iii.
If Cain is the eponym of the Kenites it is quite possible that Abel was originally a South Judaean demigod or hero; on this, see Winckler, Gesch.
In 1812 he exhibited "Cain after the murder of Abel" (formerly in Luxembourg), and, on the return of the Bourbons, was much employed in works of restoration and decoration at Versailles.
Because iron would be so easily made by prehistoric and even by primeval man, and would be so useful to him, we are hardly surprised to read in Genesis that Tubal Cain, the sixth in descent from Adam, discovered it; that the Assyrians had knives and saws which, to be effective, must have been of hardened steel, i.e.
Cain, Diazo Compounds, 1908.
P. In the former he is a descendant of Cain, and through his sons the author of primitive civilization; in the latter he is the father of Noah.
Probably the passage was originally independent of the document which told of Cain and Abel and of the Flood; Jabal may be a variant of Abel.
It may have been a piece of folk-song celebrating the prowess of the tribe of Lamech; or it may have had some relation to a story of Cain and Abel in which Cain was a hero and not a villain.
21-23), who, like Cain, became homeless wanderers and outcasts (verses 11-16).
It was not the Old Testament saints, however, but only sinners and malefactors like Cain, Esau and Saul, who obeyed his summons.
While an undergraduate he published two dissertations, On the Tree of Life in Paradise, with some Observations on the Fall of Man, and On the Oblations of Cain and Abel (2nd ed., 1747), which procured him the honour of a bachelor's degree before the statutory time.
Laws of universal application which could be administered only by duly qualified judges were called Cain law, while minor laws administered by nobles and magistrates were called Urradhus law..
They all, without exception, discharged some legal functions, legislative or administrative, and even in those in which amusement predominated, the Cain law was publicly rehearsed.
In 697 an assembly was held at Tara in which a law known as Cain Adamnain was passed, at the instance of Adamnan, prohibiting women from taking part in battle; a decision that shows how far Ireland with its tribal system lagged behind Teutonic and Latin countries in civilization.
A similar enactment exempting the clergy, known as Cain Pairaic, was agreed to in 803.
The primitive record is continued in the story of Cain and Abel (iv.), where the old-time problem of Cain's wife and the reference to other human beings (iv.
Cain the murderer, doomed to be a wanderer, now becomes the builder of a city, and his descendants introduce various arts (iv.
The story of Cain and Abel in the earlier source).
22), and Cush the son of Ham is the father tiller Cain who becomes the typical nomad and the pastoral Abel (iv.
4 It is noteworthy, therefore, that while different peoples had their own theories of their earliest history, the firstborn of the first human pair is Cain, the eponym of the Kenites, and the ancestor of the beginnings of civilization (iv.
T seq.), and the present story of Cain and his murder of Abel really places the former in an unfavourable light.
2 Mahalalel (son of Kenan, another form of Cain, v.
The birth of Cain is ascribed to a union of Satan with Eve.
(2) The story of Cain and Abel, in 124 lines.
Cain and Abel indeed are not sons of Adam, but of Satan and Eve; Seth, however, who is full of light, is the offspring of Adam by Eve.
ABEL (Hebrew for breath), the second son of Adam, slain by Cain, his elder brother (Gen.