In 1915 the field army should, including officers and permanent cadres, be about 1,012,000 strong.
In peace-time it is composed of weak cadres, on which falls the duty of guarding magazines and stores, and of carrying through musketry instruction and drill of the rank and file of the ikhtiat and the redif.
This class is distributed in very weak cadres in time of peace.
As the organization proceeded, and stronger cadres were formed, the redif class II.
The mustahfiz have no cadres in peace-time.
The peace cadres (including 2 battalions of marines and 4 battalions of mechanics) were supposed to comprise 12,500 men on peace-footing, to be increased on declaration of war to 37,000; but these cadres were mainly on paper.
The central authority in Austria was steadily breaking down, and the food crisis was rendered still more acute by the widespread formation of " Green Cadres " - well organized armed bands which held positions in the mountains and defied capture.
There were 30 battalions of infantry and 4 battalions cadres with an effective strength of 730 officers and 14,898 men; 14 regiments of cavalry and 4 regimental cadres with 493 officers and 6058 men; 2 regiments and 3 cadres of field artillery; one regiment and one cadre each of horse and mountain artillery, 4 sections of garrison artillery, and one mitrailleuse company, in all 147 officers and 1647 men; and the remainder divided among other services.
When the subject came on for discussion at the conference the German military delegate stated his view that the question of effectives could not be discussed by itself, as there were many others to which it was in some measure subordinated, such, for instance, as the length of service, the number of cadres whether existing in peace or made ready for war, the amount of training received by reserves, the situation of the country itself, its railway system, and the number and position of its fortresses.
The home defence system of Holland is a militia with strong cadres based on universal service.
The StatesGeneral in the disbanding of the forces wished to tion of retain the cadres of the regiments complete in case of a renewal of the war.
The field army on a war footing, without depot troops, garrison troops and reservists, would be about 50,000 strong, but by constituting new cadres at the outbreak of war and calling up the reserves it could be more than doubled, and as a matter of fact nearly 120,000 men were with the colours in the manoeuvre season in 1907.
The permanent cadres number about 22,000, and about 85,000 men are annually trained as recruits or recalled for further training.
The national army consists of three bans or classes; the first is the field army, the units of the second exist in peace as cadres only, the third is unorganized.
The loi des cadres of 1907 introduced many important changes of detail supplementary to the loi de deux ans.