The younger generation, however, were Bonapartist in sympathy; Gramont's cousin Antoine Louis Raymond, comte de Gramont (1787-1825), though also the son of an emigre, served with distinction in Napoleon's armies, while Antoine Agenor, duc de Gramont, owed his career to his early friendship for Louis Napoleon.
Napoleon determined that he, like all the Bonapartist rulers, should act merely as a Napoleonic satrap. They were to be to him what the counts of the marches were to Charlemagne, warlike feudatories defending the empire or overawing its prospective foes.
His elder son, Comte Henri Georges Boulay De La Meurthe (1797-1858), was a constant Bonapartist, and after the election of Louis Napoleon to the presidency, was named (January 1849) vice-president of the republic. He zealously promoted popular education, and became in 1842 president of the society for elementary instruction.
1862), became at his death the recognized head of the French Bonapartist party.
He was naturally inactive, but he was influenced by his mother on the one hand, and by the Bonapartist leaders in France on the other.
Freycinet's cabinet, he erased the name of the duc d'Aumale from the army list, as part of the republican campaign against the Orleanist and Bonapartist princes.
He began his journalistic career as dramatic critic of the Bonapartist paper, L'Ordre.
When Napoleon returned from Elba Soult at once declared himself a Bonapartist, was made a peer of France and acted as majorgeneral (chief of staff) to the emperor in the campaign of Waterloo, in which role he distinguished himself far less than he had done as commander of an over-matched army.
Thiers, a Bonapartist, says that Napoleon's power was based on his virtue and genius.