Republican and Socialist agitation, culminating in a series of dangerous risings, strengthened the position of the king as defender of middle-class interest; and since the middle classes constituted the pays legal which alone was represented in Parliament, he came to regard his position as unassailable, especially after the suppression of the risings under Blanqui and Barbes in 1839.
LOUIS AUGUSTE BLANQUI (1805-1881), French publicist, was born on the 8th of February 1805 at Puget-Theniers, where his father, Jean Dominique Blanqui, was at that time subprefect.
The violence of the Societe republicaine centrale, which was founded by Blanqui to demand a modification of the government, brought him into conflict with the more moderate Republicans, and in 1849 he was condemned, to ten years' imprisonment.
Upon the fall of the Empire, through the revolution of the 4th of September, Blanqui established the club and journal La patrie en danger.
A few days afterwards the insurrection which established the Commune broke out, and Blanqui `.was elected a member of the insurgent government, but his detention in prison prevented him from taking an active part.
In 1879 he was elected a deputy for Bordeaux; although the election was pronounced invalid, Blanqui was set at liberty, and at once resumed his work of agitation.