Orientale, and the Revue Biblique; Baedeker's Handbook to Palestine and Syria (1906); Mommert, Die hl.
P. 9; Revue biblique (1903), pp. 2 49 sqq.; and on the ark, generally, in addition to the literature already cited, Kautzsch, Hastings' Diet.
The two latter works appeared successively in the bi-monthly L'Enseignement biblique, a periodical written throughout and published by himself.
But already, on the occasion of the death of Ernest Renan, October 1892, the attempts made to clear up the main principles and results of biblical science, first by Mgr d'Hulst, rector of the Institut Catholique, in his article "La Question biblique" (Le Correspondant, Jan.
25th, 1893), and then by Loisy himself, in his paper "La Question biblique et l'inspiration des Ecritures" (L'Enseignement bibligzee,Nov.
The first course was published in the Revue d'histoire et de litterature religieuses; and here also appeared instalments of his commentary on St John's Gospel, his critically important Notes sur la Genese, and a Chronique biblique unmatched in its mastery of its numberless subjects and its fearless yet delicate penetration.
A full account of his literary activity and ecclesiastical troubles will be found in Abbe Albert Houtin's La Question biblique au XIX e siècle (Paris, 2nd ed., 1902) and La Question biblique au XX e siècle (Paris, 1906), but the latter especially is largely unfair to the conservatives and sadly lacking in religious feeling.
In the Revue biblique (1908), pp. 608-620, a mixture of unfair insinuation, powerful criticism and discriminating admissions; and a paper by G.
Rev. biblique, 1908, p. 466 sq., and Meyer, 59, 86, 97, 'or.
Revue archeologique (1860), bi-monthly; Ami des monuments (1887); Bulletin de numismatique (1891); Revue biblique (1892); L'Annee epigraphique (1880) - a sort of supplement to the Corpus inscriptionum latinarum; Celtica (1903) - common to France and England; Gazette numismatique francaise (1897); Revue semitique d'epigraphie et d'histoire ancienne (1893); Bulletin monumental, bi-monthly; L'Intermediaire, weekly, the French " Notes and Queries," devoted to literary and antiquarian questions.
Lagrange, Rev. biblique, iii.
Space forbids any attempt to sketch here the special growth of criticism in other countries, such as France, where the brilliant genius of Renan was in part devoted to the Old Testament, or within the Roman Catholic Church, which possesses in Pere Lagrange, for example, a deservedly influential critical scholar, and in the Revue Biblique an organ which devotes much attention to the critical study of the Old Testament.
(On this Societe biblique catholique francaise see O.
Douen, Histoire de la societe biblique protestante de Paris, Paris, 1868, pp. 46-51.) Christian missionaries to non-Christian lands have naturally been among the most skilful translators and the most assiduous distributors of the Bible.
In France, the Societe biblique protestante de Paris, founded in 1818, with generous aid from the British and Foreign Bible Society, had a somewhat restricted basis and scope.
In 1833 the Societe biblique francaise et etran'gere was formed on wider lines; after its dissolution in 1863, many of its supporters joined the Societe biblique de France, which dates from 1864, and represents chiefly members of the Eglise libre, and kindred French Evangelicals.
During 1905 its issues were 34,475 copies, while the Societe biblique protestante de Paris issued 8061 copies.
Douen, Histoire de la societe biblique protestante de Paris (Paris, 1868); G.
(Revue biblique, July 1905).
For their bearing on Palestine, see especially P. Dhorme, Rev. biblique (2908), pp. 500 -529; (1909), pp - 5 0 -73, 368-385.
See the exposure in the Revue Biblique (the organ of the Dominican school of St Stephen at Jerusalem) for 1907.
Quarterly Statement, Palestine Exploration Fund (from 1869); Zeitschrift des deutschen Paldstina-Vereins (from 1878); Revue biblique (from 1892); Revue de l'orient Latin (from 1893); Mitteilungen der vorderasiatischen Gesellschaft (from 1897).
305 sqq., should be consulted, and the descriptions ingiBaedeker- Socin's Palestina (7th edition), and Revue biblique for 1897, 1898, 1903.