BHOPAL, a native state of India, in the central India agency.
Bhopal is the principal Mussulman state in central India, ranking next to Hyderabad among the Mahommedan states of India.
Bhopal state was founded in 1723 by Dost Mahommed Khan, an Afghan adventurer.
In 1778, when General Thomas Goddard made his bold march across India, the state of Bhopal was the only Indian power that showed itself friendly; and in 1809 when another British expedition under General Close appeared in the same parts, the nawab of Bhopal petitioned earnestly but in vain to be received under British protection.
Since then Bhopal has been steadily loyal to the British government, and during the Mutiny it rendered good services.
The estimated revenue of the state is £250,000, and the state pays a subsidy of £13,000 for the Bhopal battalion.
Besides the Bhopal battalion, a regiment of imperial service cavalry is maintained, under the name of the Victoria Lancers.
There is a branch railway from Itarsi to Bhopal city, continued to Jhansi.
The residence of the political agent and the headquarters of the Bhopal battalion are at Sehore, 20 m.
West of Bhopal city.
The city of Bhopal, a railway station, had a population in 1901 of 76,561.
Bhopal Agency >>
By Bhopal, Indore and the Khandesh district of Bombay; on the S.
BETWA, a river of India, which rises in the native state of Bhopal in Malwa, and after a course of 360 m., for the most part in a north-easterly direction, falls into the Jumna at Hamirpur.
By the states of Bhopal, Tonk, Khilchipur and Rajgarh; and W.
The railways, undertaken by the state, are: (I) from Bina on the Indian Midland to Goona; (2) an extension of this line to Baran, opened in 1899; (3) from Bhopal to Ujjain; (4) two light railways, from Gwalior to Sipri and Gwalior to Bhind, which were opened by the viceroy in November 1899.
BHOPAL AGENCY, an administrative section of central India, takes its name from the state of Bhopal, which is included in it.
The Bhopal agency is administered by the agent to the governorgeneral in central India.
The sandstone bed on which it rests is visible at a point just north of Goona, and in a small area round Bhilsa and Bhopal, as it is in those places freed from the layer of trap. The low-lying land includes roughly that part of the agency which lies to the east of the plateau and comprises the greater part of the political divisions of Bundelkhand and Baghelkhand and the country round Gwalior.
These are the residencies of Gwalior and Indore, and the agencies of Baghelkhand, Bhopal, Bhopawar, Bundelkhand, Indore and Malwa.
The is large states are Gwalior, Indore, Rewa, Bhopal, Dhar, Barwani, Datia, Orchha, Charkhari, Chhattarpur, Panna, Dewas (senior branch), Dewas (junior branch), Jaora and Ratlam.
Considerable losses were caused by the famines of 1897-1898 and 1899-1900, which were severely felt, especially in Bhopal and Malwa.
Of the first Bhopal is the only example, while Jaora is the only notable instance of the other.
Malwa opium is produced in a large number of states in the Central India and Rajputana Agencies, chiefly Gwalior, Indore and Bhopal, in the former, and Mewar in the latter.