**Besha**, **both** **running** **north-east** **towards** **the** **W**.

**Five** **or** **six** **days**' **journey** **to** **the** **south-east** **is** **the** **district** **of** **Besha**, **the** **most** **important** **position** **between** **Sana** **and** **Taif**.

**The** **Wadi** **Besha** **is** **a** **broad** **valley** **abounding** **with** **streams** **containing** **numerous** **hamlets** **scattered** **over** **a** **tract** **some** **six** **or** **eight** **hours**' **journey** **in** **length**.

**The** **Zahran** **district** **lies** **four** **days** **west** **of** **Besha** **on** **the** **crest** **of** **the** **main** **range**: **the** **principal** **place** **is** **Makhwa**, **a** **large** **town** **and** **market**, **from** **which** **grain** **is** **exported** **in** **considerable** **quantities** **to** **Mecca**.

**Three** **or** **four** **days**' **journey** **east** **and** **southeast** **of** **Besha** **are** **the** **encampments** **of** **the** **Bani** **Kahtan**, **one** **of** **the** **most** **ancient** **tribes** **of** **Arabia**; **their** **pastures** **extend** **into** **the** **adjoining** **district** **of** **Nejd**, **where** **they** **breed** **camels** **in** **large** **numbers**, **as** **well** **as** **a** **few** **horses**.

**Summits** **of** **the** **maritime** **chain**, **and** **the** **principal** **affluents** **of** **the** **Wadi** **Besha**; **the** **latter** **is** **a** **broad** **well-watered** **valley**, **with** **numerous** **scattered** **hamlets**, **four** **days**' **journey** (**perhaps** 80 **m**.) **from** **the** **crest** **of** **the** **range**.

**Beside** **the** **equivalence** **of** **the** **hon** **to** 5 **utens** **weight** **of** **water**, **the** **mathematical** **papyrus** (35) **gives** 5 **besha** = (2/3)**cubic** **cubit** (**Revillout'****s** **interpretation** **of** **this** **as** 1 **cubit** **cubed** **is** **impossible** **geometrically**; **see** **Rev**. **Eg**., 1881, **for** **data**); **this** **is** **very** **concordant**, **but** **it** **is** **very** **unlikely** **for** 3 **to** **be** **introduced** **in** **an** **Egyptian** **derivation**, **and** **probably** **therefore** **only** **a** **working** **equivalent**.