English Puritans emigrated under the auspices of the Virginia Company to the Bermudas in 1612; and in 1617 a Presbyterian Church, governed by ministers and four elders, was established there by Lewis Hughes, who used the liturgy of the isles of Guernsey and Jersey.
Bermudas) and coral reefs.
BERMUDAS, a group of islands in the Atlantic Ocean, forming a British colony, in 32° 15' N.
The Bermudas consist of aeolian limestones (cf.
The Bermudas were formerly much more extensive than at present, and they may possibly stand upon the summit of a hidden volcano.
The principal kind of tree is the so-called "Bermudas cedar," really a species of juniper, which furnishes timber for small vessels.
There are two towns in the Bermudas: St George, on the island of that name, founded in 1 794 and incorporated in 1797; and Hamilton, on the Main Island, founded in 1790 and incorporated in 1793.
The Bermudas became an important naval and coaling station in 1869, when a large iron dry dock was towed across the Atlantic and placed in a secure position in St George, while, owing to their important strategic position in mid-Atlantic, the British government maintains a strong garrison.
The Bermudas are a British crown colony, with a governor resident at Hamilton, who is assisted by an executive council of 6 members appointed by the crown, a legislative council of 9 similarly appointed, and a representative assembly of 36 members, of whom four are returned by each of nine parishes.
The discovery of the Bermudas resulted from the shipwreck of Juan Bermudez, a Spaniard (whose name they now bear), when on a voyage from Spain to Cuba with a cargo of hogs, early in the 16th century.
In 1612 the Bermudas were granted to an offshoot of the Virginia Company, which consisted of 120 persons, 60 of whom, under the command of Henry More, proceeded to the islands.
In 1726 Bishop George Berkeley chose the Bermudas as the seat of his projected missionary establishment.
See Godet, Bermuda, its History, Geology, Climate, &c. (London, 1860); Lefroy, Discovery and Settlement of the Bermudas (London, 1877-1879); A.
Agassiz, "Visit to the Bermudas in March 1894," Bull.
Verrill, "Notes on the Geology of the Bermudas," Amer.
In 1724 he was nominated to the rich deanery of Derry, but had hardly been appointed before he was using every effort to resign it in order to devote himself to his scheme of founding a college in the Bermudas, and extending its benefits to the Americans.