David Hume, following up Berkeley's leading suggestion, pointed out that the inference to God is as precarious as the inference to matter, and that the assertion of a continuous or immaterial mind in man also goes beyond the immediate facts.
When compared with such philosophic writing as Hume's, Diderot's, Berkeley's, then Comte's manner is heavy, laboured, monotonous, without relief and without light.
Berkeley's Principles of Knowledge and Theory of Vision preceded it by three and four years respectively, but there is no evidence that they were known to Collier before the publication of his book.
These may be compared with Berkeley's Siris.
C. Fraser, edition of Berkeley's Works; G.
Berkeley's statement of the view that all knowledge is relative to the subject - that no object can be known except under the form which our powers of sense-perception, our memory and imagination, our notions and inference, give it - is still the most striking and convincing that we possess.
In 1842 appeared his Review of Berkeley's Theory of Vision, an able work, which called forth rejoinders from J.
In putting this question, not less than in answering it, consists Berkeley's originality as a philosopher.
But this is by no means the whole or even the principal part of Berkeley's philosophy; it is essentially a theory of causality, and this is brought out gradually under the pressure of difficulties in the first solution of the early problem.
This is an interpretation, frequently and not without some justice, put upon Berkeley's own expression.
Further, Berkeley's own theory would never permit him to speak of possible sensations, meaning by that the ideas of sensations called up to our minds by present experience.
The deeper aspects of Berkeley's new thought have been almost universally neglected or misunderstood.
Such ideas of relation are in truth the stumbling-block in Locke's philosophy, and Berkeley's empiricism is equally far from accounting for them.
With all these defects, however, Berkeley's new conception marks a distinct stage of progress in human thought.
- The standard edition of Berkeley's works is that of A.
For Berkeley's theory of vision see manuals of psychology (e.g.
The most notable of these are Berkeley's treatment of " abstract " 1 Condillac, Langue des Calculs, p. 7.2 Locke, Essay, iii.
The same confusion runs through Berkeley's arguments and vitiates his conclusions as well as those of Hume.