Cif Italian influence to a part of northern Somaliland and to the Benadir coast, had, with the support of France and Russia, completed his preparations for asserting his authority as independent ruler of Ethiopia.
The above sixty districts are grouped into eighteen subprovinces under governors appointed by the governor-general of Fars, but the towns of Bushire, Lingah and Bander Abbasi, together with the villages in their immediate neighbourhood, form a separate government known as that of the "Persian Gulf Ports" (Benadir i Khalij i Fars), under a governor appointed from Teheran.
And 2° 19' N., and are known generically as El-Benadir (the ports), a name also applied to the coast between the ports.
Ivory, cattle, butter, coffee, cotton, myrrh, gums and skins are exported from the Benadir country.
During1896-1897the value of the Benadir trade was £120,000; in 1906-1907 it had risen to over £250,000.
In August 1892 the sultan of Zanzibar leased the Benadir ports of Italy for fifty years.
By an agreement dated the 13th of January 1905 the sultan of Zanzibar ceded his sovereign rights in the Benadir ports to Italy in return for the payment of a lump sum of £144,000.
Thereafter the Italian government assumed the direct administration of the ports, a purely commercial undertaking replacing the Benadir Company.
In 1905 also Great Britain leased to Italy a piece of land near Kismayu to facilitate communications with the Benadir country.
By this arrangement (ratified by a convention dated the 16th of May 1908) the Benadir coast obtained a suitable hinterland.