Baal Zebub of the Philistine Ekron became the Beelzebub who was equivalent to Satan.
That he cast out devils "by Beelzebub, prince of the devils."
The distinction of good and bad angels is recognized; we have names, Gabriel 4, and the evil angels Abaddon or Apollyon', Beelzebub 6, and Satan'; ranks are implied, archangels 8, principalities and powers9, thrones and dominions 10.
He is sometimes identified with Beelzebub or Apollyon (Rev. ix.
BEELZEBUB, BEELZEBUL, BAALZEBUB.
6 In the New Testament we meet with Beelzebul, 7 which some of the versions, especially the Vulgate and Syriac, followed by the Authorized Version, have changed to Beelzebub, under the influence of 2 Kings.
1 The substitution of Beelzebub for Beelzebul by the Syriac, Vulgate and other versions implies the identification of the New Testament arch-fiend with the god of Ekron; this substitution, however, may be due to the influence of the Aramaic B`el-debaba, " adversary," sometimes held to be the original of these names.
There is no trace of Beelzebul or Beelzebub outside of the Biblical passages mentioned, and the literature dependent on them.
In Paradise Lost, Book ii., Beelzebub appears as second only to Satan himself.
Articles on " Baal, " " Bealzebub, " " Beelzebub, " " Beelzebul," in Hastings' Bible Dict., Black and Cheyne's Encycl.