The most mountainous districts are northern Bauchi (a little north of io°), where heights of 6000 to 7000 ft.
To the Bauchi hills.
In the one province of Bauchi as many as sixty native languages are spoken.
Next in importance among the Hausa towns are Bauchi (or Yakoba), pop. over 50,000, 140 m.
Tin ore of excellent quality is found in the province of Bauchi, alkali salts are abundant in Kano province, iron ore and red and yellow ochres are found in Kontagora and other provinces, kaolin (china clay) and limestone in the west central regions.
In 1902 Bauchi and Bornu were brought under British rule.
In Bauchi the emir was deposed and a new emir was appointed.
Military stations were established in Bornu and in Bauchi, and both provinces were included in the system of British administration.
For administrative purposes the territories were at first divided into seventeen provinces: Sokoto, Gando, Kano, Katsena, Bornu East, Bornu West, Zaria, Bauchi, Borgu, Kontagora, Nassarawa, Muri, Yola, Bassa, Kabba, Illorin, Nupe.
BAUCHI, a province in the highlands of the British protectorate of Northern Nigeria.
Bauchi is bounded N.
They form the principal watershed not only of the province of Bauchi, but of the protectorate of Northern Nigeria.
In the winter months of November and December the thermometer frequently falls to freezing-point, and in the hottest months the maximum on the Kibyen plateau has been found to be rarely over 85° The population of Bauchi is estimated at about 1,000,000 and is of a very various description.
The native name "Bauchi," which is of great antiquity, signifies the "Land of Slaves," and from the earliest times the uplands which now form the principal portion of the province have been the hunting ground of the slave-raider, while the hill fastnesses have offered defensible refuge to the population.
The province of Bauchi was conquered by the Fula at the beginning of the 19th century, and furnished them with a valuable slave preserve.
The town of Bauchi and capital of the province was founded by Yakoba in the year 1809, and the emirate remained under Fula rule until the year 1902.
The slave-trade was immediately abolished, and the slave-market which was held at Bauchi, as in all Fula centres, was closed.
The Kano-Sokoto campaign in 1903 rendered necessary a temporary withdrawal of the British resident from Bauchi, and comparatively little progress was made until the following year.
The province has been subdivided into thirteen administrative districts, which again have been grouped into their principal divisions, with their respective British headquarters at Bauchi, Kanan and Bukuru.
Bauchi is a province of special importance from the European point of view because, with free communication from the Benue assured, it is probable that on the Kibyen and Sura plateaus, which are the healthiest known in the protectorate, a sanatorium and station for a large civil population might be established under conditions in which Europeans could live free from the evil effects of a West African climate.
The emirate of Gombe, which is included in the first division of the Bauchi province, is a Fula emirate independent of the emirs of Bauchi.
Below Yola the Benue receives, on the right bank, the Gongola, which rises in the Bauchi highlands and after a great curve north-east turns southward.