He gradually obtained full possession of Navarre and the Basque provinces, outside of the fortresses, which he had not the means to besiege.
There he busied himself with philology, and published notably some works on the Basque language: Grammaire basque, Remarques sur plusieurs assertions concernant la langue basque (1876), Observations sur le basque Fontarabie (1878).
BASQUE PROVINCES (Provincias Vascongadas), a division of north-eastern Spain, comprising the three provinces of Alava, Biscay or Vizcaya and Guipuzcoa.
The French Pays Basque forms part of the arrondissements of Bayonne and Mauleon.
Of the Provinces, Guipuzcoa is the only one which is wholly Basque, Alava is the least so.
Though the three Basque Provinces were thus united to the crown of Spain, they still remained a land apart (tierra apartada).
In 1833, when, in default of male heirs, his brother Don Carlos claimed the throne, confirmed the Basque fueros, and raised the standard of revolt against his niece, Isabel II.
In agriculture the Basque Provinces and the Pays Basque were great cider countries, but during the 19th century this was gradually replaced by wine-growing.
The chief industries of the Basque Provinces are the sea fisheries and iron mining.
On his return to Spain in 1892 he was appointed to the command first of the 6th Army Corps in the Basque Provinces and Navarre, where he soon quelled agitations, and then as captain-general at Barcelona, where he remained until January 1896.
In consequence, however, of the Carlist rising of 1873-1876, the Basque fueros were finally extinguished in 1876.
ARNAULD DE OIHENART (1592-1668), Basque historian and poet, was born at Mauleon, and studied law at Bordeaux, where he took his degree in 1612.
His collection of over five hundred Basque proverbs, Atsotizac edo Refravac, included in a volume of his poems O Ce " Gastaroa Nevrthizetan, printed in Paris in 1657, was supplemented by a second collection, Atsotizen Vrrhenquina.
See Julien Vinson, Essai d'une bibliographic de la langue basque (Paris, 1891); J.
For all that known dialects prove to the contrary, on the one hand, there may have been one primitive language, from which the descendant languages have varied so widely, that neither their words nor their formation now indicate their unity in long past ages, while, on the other hand, the primitive tongues of mankind may have been numerous, and the extreme unlikeness of such languages as Basque, Chinese, Peruvian, Hottentot and Sanskrit may arise from absolute independence of origin.
The peak of the Rhune, to the south of St Jean de Luz, rises only to 2950 ft.; and on the border of the Basque country the mean height of the summits is not much greater.
The Nive, a beautiful river of the Basque country, takes its rise in Spain; after flowing past St Jean-Pied-de-Port, formerly capital of French Navarre and fortified by Vauban to guard the pass of Roncevaux, it joins the Adour at Bayonne.
SAN' 'SEBASTIAN (Basque Iruchulo), a seaport and the capital of the Spanish province of Guipuzcoa, on the Bay of Biscay, and on the Northern railway from Madrid to France.
The derivation of the word labarum is disputed; it appears to be connected with the Basque labarva, signifying standard.
Among these was Pedro de Mendoza, a Basque nobleman.
He and the Savoyard Pierre Lefevre, who shared his lodging, had already, in 1529, made the acquaintance of Ignatius of Loyola - like Xavier a native of the Spanish Basque country.
BARACALDO, a river-port of north-eastern Spain, in the province of Biscay; on the left bank of the river Nervion or Ansa (in Basque, Ibaizabal), 5 m.
An engaging account of Zumalacarregui will be found in The Most Striking Events of a Twelvemonth Campaign with Zumalacarregui in Navarre and the Basque Provinces, by C. F.
It is possible (Boudard, Etudes sur l'alphabet iberien (Paris, 1852) that the river-name itself represents the Basque phrase ibay-erri " the country of the river."
In reply, Graslin (De l'Iberie, Paris, 1839), maintained that the name Iberia was nothing but a Greek misnomer of Spain, and that there was no proof that the Basque people had ever occupied a wider area than at present; and Blade (Origine des Basques, Paris, 1869) took the same line of argument, holding that Iberia is a purely geographical term, that there was no.
Proper Iberian race, that the Basques were always shut in by alien races, that their affinity is still to seek, and that the whole Basque-Iberian theory is a figment.
Van Eys, for example, " La Langue iberienne et la langue basque," in Revue de linguistique, goes against Humboldt; but Prince Napoleon and to a considerable extent A.
Van Eys, " La Langue iberienne et la langue basque," in Revue de linguistique, pp. 31 5 (1874); W.
Webster, " The Basque and the Kelt," in Journ.
Collignon, "La Race basque," L'Anthropologie, v.
De Aranzadi, " Le Peuple basque, résumé " Bull.
It would be easy to enumerate other languages of the world, such as Basque, Turkish, Hebrew, Malay, Mexican, all devoid of traceable resemblance to Australian and English, and to one another.
And 2° 45' W.; on the river Nervion on Ansa (in Basque Ibaizabal), and about 8 m.
Bilbao is one of the principal seaports of Spain, and the greatest of Basque towns.
Was the natural headquarters of the important steel and iron trades of the Basque Provinces.
He selected his generals without respect of politics, sending Moriones to the Basque provinces and Navarre at the head of 20,000 men, Martinez Campos to Catalonia with several thousand, and Lopez Dominguez, the nephew of Marshal Serrano, to begin the land blockade of the last stronghold of the cantonal insurgents, Cartagena, where the crews of Spain's only fleet had joined the revolt.
Connexion has been traced between the early Libyan race and the Cro-Magnon and other early European races and, later, the Basque peoples, Iberians, Picts, Celts and Gauls.
C.) 0 BREGON, ALVARO (1880-), Mexican President, was born in Nogales, Sonora, Mexico, in 1880, of Basque and Yaqui parentage.
For example, an indeterminative vowel, a, e, i or u, may be prefixed to any root to form an abstract; thus, from me, " speak," we get e-me, " speech"; from ra, " to go," we get a-ra, " the act of going," &c. In connexion with the very complicated Sumerian verbal system 2 it will be sufficient to note here the practice of infixing the verbal object which is, of course, absolutely alien to Semitic. This phenomenon appears also in Basque and in many North American languages.
The number of restaurants and similar places of evening resort is very great, and there are several public courts where the Basque game of pelota can be witnessed.
He spent his leisure and his fortune in the search for documents bearing on the old Basque and Bearnese provinces; and the fruits of his studies in the archives of Bayonne, Toulouse, Pau, Perigord and other cities were embodied in forty-five MS. volumes, which were sent by his son Gabriel to Colbert.
By the Basque Provinces and Navarre, E.