The two French writers represent Richard as a faithless vassal: in the German writers - Tagino, dean of Passau, who wrote a Descriptio of Barbarossa's Crusade (1189-1190); and Ansbert, an Austrian clerk, who wrote De expeditione Friderici Imperatoris (1187-1196) - Richard appears rather as a monster of pride and arrogance.
Venice was in alliance with Charles, and her possessions were consequently attacked by Turkey by land and by sea, many islands, including Syra and Tinos, falling before Barbarossa's assaults.
Intervened on behalf of the native prince, retook the town, and destroyed great part of Barbarossa's fleet.
In 1152 Frederick received the duchy of Swabia from his cousin the German king Frederick I., and on his death in 1167 it passed successively to Frederick's three sons Frederick, Conrad and Philip. The second Hohenstaufen emperor was Frederick Barbarossa's son, Henry VI., after whose death a struggle for the throne took place between Henry's brother Philip, duke of Swabia, and Otto of Brunswick, afterwards the emperor Otto IV.
Never were the leaders of the Church and the in such jeopardy as during the reign of Barbarossa's Emperor son, Henry VI.
Goethe, the cosmopolitan Weltbierger of the 18th century, had himself no very intense feelings of patriotism, and, having seen Germany flourish as a group of small states under enlightened despotisms, he had little confidence in the dreamers of 1813 who hoped to see the glories of Barbarossa's empire revived.
The house of correction occupies the site of Frederick Barbarossa's castle, which was demolished by the French in 1713.