At its southern end it contracts and merges into the plain of Banias, thus enclosing Mount Hermon on its north-west and west sides; eastward from the Hasbany branch of the Jordan lies the meadow-land Merj `Iyun, the ancient Ijon (1 Kings xv.
The most abundant springs in Palestine are the sources of the Jordan at Banias and at Tell el-Kadi.
After being defeated by Saladin at Banias, the Franks were compelled to make a treaty with the Moslem leader.
Banias is a poor village inhabited by about 350 Moslems; all round it are gardens of fruit-trees.
A little later, however, he greatly improved his position by strengthening his alliance with the vizier of Damascus, who also had to fear the progress of Zengi (1140); and in this way he was able to capture the fort of Banias, to the N.
As the Barada escapes from the mountains through a narrow gorge, its waters spread out fan-like, in canals or "rivers," the name of one of which, Nahr Banias, retains a trace of Abana.
The town of Banias, with its castle, formed also a strong outpost against Damascus, and was the scene, in common with the other strongholds, of many desperate encounters between Moslems and Christians.
Broad at its birth; the other at Banias (anc. Paneas, Caesarea-Philippi), some 4 m.
N., where the Nahr Banias issues from a cave, about 30 ft.
The four streams unite below the fortress of Banias, which once held the gate of the valley, and flow into a marshy tract now called Huleh (Semechonitis, and perhaps Merom of Joshua.