Garden, called Bagh i Shah (garden of the Shah), with ruined palaces and baths.
The place was without importance until 1612, when Shah Abbas began building and laying out the palaces and gardens in the neighbourhood now collectively known as Bagh i Shah (the garden of the shah).
The principal Mahommedan public buildings, erected by subsequent governors and now in ruins, are the Katra and the Lal-bagh palace - the former built by Sultan Mahommed Shuja in 1645, in front of the chauk or market place.
The Lal-bagh palace was commenced by Azam Shah, the third son of the emperor Aurangzeb.
Two other royal palaces named respectively Bagh-i-Shah and Takht-i-Sefer, are situated on the same rising ground somewhat farther to the west.
==Tiger== The tiger is associated with Siva and Durga, but its cult is confined to the wilder tribes; in Nepal the tiger festival is known as Bagh Jatra, and the worshippers dance disguised as tigers.
The town is locally renowned for its carpets, and the district for its excellent breed of Kara-bagh horses.
In 1805 Ibrahim Khan of Kara-bagh invoked the protection of Russia, but the annexation was not completed until 1822.
On the 23rd another victory was gained at Alam Bagh, and news reached the force of the fall of Delhi.
From Alam Bagh there were four possible routes of advance to the residency, and Outram considered that the route chosen by Havelock, lying through the streets of Lucknow, involved unnecessary losses to the troops.
A detachment had been left in the Alam Bagh, which was short of provisions; some attempts were made to open up communication with it, but without success.
On the 12th of November the force reached the Alam Bagh, and on the 14th advanced upon Lucknow, proceeding on this occasion across the open plain by the Dilkusha and Martiniere instead of through the narrow and tortuous streets of Lucknow.
On the 16th the Sikandra Bagh was stormed; on the following day Campbell joined hands with Outram and Havelock, and the relief of Lucknow was finally accomplished.
Meanwhile Outram had held his own at the Alam Bagh for over three months with only 4000 men against 120,000 rebels.
On the 14th the Imambara was stormed, and the Kaisar Bagh, and on the 16th the residency was once more in British possession.
Geographically the district is divided into three distinct parts: (1) The southern lowlands, a slightly undulating plain, comparatively well cultivated and drained by the Wainganga, Bagh, Deo, Ghisri and Son rivers.
The principal rivers in the district are the Wainganga, and its tributaries, the Bagh, Nahra and Uskal; a few smaller streams, such as the Masmar, the Mahkara, &c.; and the Banjar, Halon and Jamunia, tributaries of the Nerbudda, which drain a portion of the upper plateau.
The Wainganga is the principal river in the district, and the only stream that does not dry up in the hot weather, - its affluents within the district being the Bawanthari, Bagh, Kanhan and Chulban.
It occupies the brow of a spur of the Kara-bagh mountains, 2940 ft.