Two years later he passed the examination for the "baccalaureat es sciences" enabling him to become candidate for the Ecole normale.
As an alternative to the second cycle, which normally ends in the examination for the baccalaureat, there is a shorter course, mainly founded on modern languages or applied science and ending in a public examination without the baccalaureat.
The baccalaureat, however, has been condemned by the next minister, M.
In certain honours Table I.-Prussia: Abiturienten Examen Table Ii.-France: Baccalaureat Table Iii.
Mullinger, The University of Cambridge (Cambridge, 1873); How to pass Examinations successfully, by an Oxford Coach; Mark Pattison, Suggestions on Academical Organization (Edinburgh, 1868); Friedrich Paulsen, The German Universities and University Study (London, 1906) and Geschichte des gelehrten Unterrichts (Leipzig, 1896); George Peacock, Observations on the Statutes of the University of Cambridge (1841); Programme des examens du nouveau baccalaureat de l'enseignement secondaire, Delalain freres, Paris; Hastings Rashdall, The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages (Oxford, 18 95); Rein's Encyklopddisches Handbuch der Piidagogik (2nd ed., 1902, &c.), articles " Priifungen " (by F.
He went through his course of theological studies with great distinction, defeating Bossuet at the Baccalaureat in theology.