The first award was made in 1831.
Holdich, The Countries of the King's Award (London, 1904); W.
The question was referred for arbitration to the emperor of Austria, whose award published in 1880, upheld the contention of the Indians, and affirmed that the suzerainty of Nicaragua was limited by their right of self-government.
If either party is dissatisfied with the award, he may appeal to an appeals committee on paying 3:o: which is refunded to him by the other party if the appeal be upheld.
The Argentine government, though disappointed at the result, accepted the award loyally.
In May 1905, an award was pronounced by the majority (M.
The court which can award a sentence is said to possess as of common right a discretionary power of granting a reprieve.
The award of King Edward VII.
The court may by order remit an award to the arbitrators or umpire for reconsideration, in which case the reconsidered award must be made within three months after the date of the order.
This court could award censures up to exclusion from the sacrament.
An umpire is required to make his award within one month after the original or extended time appointed for making the award of the arbitrators has expired, or any later day to which he may enlarge it.
Is it because winning the award gives them more confidence?
Sir Bartle Frere, then High Commissioner, who thought the award " one - sided and unfair to the Boers " (Martineau, Life of Frere, ii.
An award may, by leave of the court, be enforced in the same manner as a judgment or decree to the same effect.
The arbitrator may also state his award in whole or in part as a special case (ib.
From the confluence of the upper Parana and Paraguay the line ascends the latter to the mouth of the Pilcomayo, which river, under the award of President R.
Holdich, the award was rendered by King Edward VII.
An international award cannot be enforced directly; in other words it has no legal sanction behind it.
This award was carried out, but payment of the current interest was again withheld as from the 24th of October 1868.
In 1894 a dispute necessitated the formulation of the " Asquith award " by the Rt.
C. 15 provided that the submission might be made a rule of court, a provision which gave the court power to assist the parties in the trial of the case, and to enforce the award of the arbitrators; (d) the statute 3 and 4 Will.
19), and may correct in an award any clerical mistake or error arising from an accidental slip or omission.
An award may, however, be set aside where the arbitrator has misconducted himself (an arbitrator may also be removed by the court on the ground of misconduct), or where it is ultra vires, or lacks any of the other requisites - above mentioned - of a valid award, or where the arbitrator has been wilfully deceived by one of the parties, or some such state of things exists.
The question was a complicated one involving the historical survey of Dutch and Portuguese exploration and control in the far interior of Guiana during two centuries; and it was not until 1904 that the king of Italy gave his award, which was largely in favour of the British claim, and grants to British Guiana access to the northern affluents of the Amazon.
The award, admittedly just on the evidence before Keate, placed, however, outside the territory of the republic the Bloemhof district, in which district Boer farmers were settled, and over which the Pretoria government had for some years exercised jurisdiction.
A few days after the publication of the Keate award Sir Henry Barkly, the British high commissioner, issued proclamations taking over Waterboer's territory under the title of Griqualand West (q.v.).
The award caused a strong feeling of resentment among the Boers, and led to the resignation of President Pretorius and his executive.
The arbitrator ex compromisso sumptus had no coercive jurisdiction, and in order to make his award effective, the agreement of reference was confirmed by a stipulation and usually provided a penalty (poena, petunia compromissa) in case of disobedience.
As in English law, it was necessary that the award should cover all the points submitted (Dig.
The costs of the reference and the award - which, under sched.
Of the act, must be in writing, unless the submission otherwise provides - are in the arbitrator's discretion, and he has a lien on the award and the submission for his fees, for which - if there is an express or implied promise to pay them - he can also sue (Crampton v.
If there is no express provision on the point in the submission, an award under the Arbitration Act 1889 must be made within three months after the arbitrator has entered on the reference, or been called upon to act by notice in writing from any party to the submission.
The second brief visit, in 1647, partly on literary, partly on family business, was signalized by the award of a pension of 3000 francs, obtained from the royal bounty by Cardinal Mazarin.
The award of the court is thus the equivalent of the determination of a special board in Victoria, and deals with the same questions, the most important of which are the minimum rates of wages and the number of working hours per week.
Aurelian referred the matter to the bishop of Rome and the bishops of Italy, who gave their award in favour of the Antiochene Church.
Set aside) the sentence and award damages to the party aggrieved.
Arbitrators report on deliveries and award allowances on those of grades above " middling " and deductions of price from those below.
Bluntschli, consider that unless this tacit condition is complied with, the award may be set aside.
In civil arbitration, the decision or award may be made a rule of court, after which it becomes enforceable by writ of execution against person or property.
Arbitrators strictly so called may (as in the " Alabama " case) proceed to award damages after they have decided the question of liability; whilst " mixed commissions," before awarding damages, usually have to decide whether the pecuniary claims made are or are not well founded.
The question of liability was then referred to commissioners appointed by each state, and, on their failing to agree, to Sir Edward Thornton, British minister at Washington, who by his award, in 1875, found there was due from Mexico to Upper California, or rather to the bishops there as administrators of the fund, an arrear of interest amounting to nearly $100,000, which was directed to be paid in gold.
The arbitrators by their award in February 1904 decided unanimously in favour of the blockading powers and ordered payment of their claims out of the 30% of the receipts at the two Venezuelan ports which had been set apart to meet them.
Any application for a revision of the award must be based on the discovery of new evidence of such a nature as to exercise a decisive influence on the judgment and unknown up to the time when the hearing was closed, both to the tribunal itself and to the party asking for the revision.
The Oyapok, or Vicente Pinzon, is the best-known of the group and forms the boundary line between Brazil and French Guiana under the arbitration award of 1900.
A more famous decision, that known as the Keate Award, was given in October 1871.
States for a revision of what is known as the Olcott Award in connexion with the Orinoco Steamship Company was in 1905 met by a refusal to reopen the case.
Uttima- Therefore in forwarding his award on the boundary turn.
Afterwards the number of arbitrations by the board increased in number: from 1900 to 1908 (inclusive), of 568 controversies submitted to the board, 525 were settled by an award and 43 by an induced agreement.
The claim of the Peninsula powers to divide the American continent between them, based as it was on an award given in entire ignorance of the facts, would in no case have been respected.
An arbitrator or umpire ought not, however, to state his award in such a way as to deprive the parties of their right to challenge the amount charged by him for his services; and accordingly where an umpire fixed for his award a lump sum as costs, including therein his own and the arbitrators' fees, the award was remitted back to him to state how much he allotted to himself and how much to the arbitrators (in Re Gilbert v.
Powers to summon witnesses, to administer oaths and to award expenses), and specifies the time within which the "decreet arbitral" is to be pronounced.
(Yes, I know that statement should earn the "Screamingly Obvious Statement of the Year Award," but bear with me.)
This direction was beyond the terms of the reference, and the award, when made, was repudiated by the United States as void for excess.
Thornton was held to be referable only to the mode of the execution of the award, and therefore not to be chose jugee.
Elapsed since the date of the last (4) Barely two months had award when the Hague court was again called into requisition.
In this same year he competed for the Steiner prize of the Berlin Academy, with a treatise entitled "Memoria sulle superficie de terzo ordine," and shared the award with J.
Some prominent examples (dealt with elsewhere under their appropriate titles) are the dispute between the United States and Great Britain respecting the " Alabama " and other vessels employed by the Confederate government during the American Civil War (award in 1872); that between the same powers respecting the fur-seal fishery in Bering Sea (award in 1893); that between Great Britain and Venezuela respecting the boundary of British Guiana (award in 1899); that between Great Britain, the United States and Portugal respecting the Delagoa railway (award in 1900); that between Great Britain and the United States respecting the boundary of Alaska (award in 1903).
Thornton's award; (2) whether, if not, the claim for the interest was just.