Kitchen-middens of England, Ireland and Denmark reveal the existence of the capercally, Tetrao urogallus, and of the great auk or gare-fowl, Alca impennis; both species long since vanished from those countries.
The great auk, once common on the British coasts, those of Denmark, the east coast of North America, then restricted to those of Newfoundland, Greenland and Iceland, has been killed by man, and the same fate has overtaken the Labrador duck, the Phillip Island parrot, Nestor productus, and the large cormorant of FIG.
Hence anAu = auk t a22a33...ann, where the cofactor of an is clearly the determinant obtained by erasing the first row and the first column.
Since A lk is a determinant we similarly obtain Alk = a21Alk+ï¿½ ï¿½ ï¿½ +a2,k-iAl,k +a2,k+lAl,k+ ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½+a2 21 2,k-1 2, k +1 2,n and thence = Xalia2kAli where k; i,k 2k and as before A = a1, an A i> k i,k I ail, auk 12k an important expansion of A.
AUK, a name commonly given to several species of sea-fowl.
A special interest attaches to the great auk (Alca impennis), owing to its recent extinction and the value of its eggs to collectors.
The " Auk " was captured by a British patrol boat and sunk by her own crew while being taken to Queenstown.
He had meanwhile succeeded in sending a message to Dublin, announcing the capture of the " Auk " and advising the postponement of the enterprise.
The southern coast and its inland waters are frequented by several species of petrel, among which are the Procellaria gigantea, whose strength and rapacity led the Spaniards to call it quebranta huesos (breakbones), the Puffinus cinereus, which inhabits the inland channels in large flocks, and an allied species (Puffinuria Berardii) which inhabits the inland sounds and resembles the auk in some particulars of habit and appearance.
Here probably also is to be referred the epithet Jyceius, which, formerly connected with AUK- (" shine") and used to support the conception of Apollo as a light-god, is now 1 Hesychius; who also gives the explanation crn s (" fold"), in which case Apollo would be the god of flocks and herds.