In 1897 he became military attache at the American legation in Madrid.
His diplomatic career began at the congress of Paris, after the Crimean War, where he took an active part as military attache in the negotiations regarding the rectification of the Russian frontier on the Lower Danube.
The young lady's relatives ultimately became reconciled to the match, and procured him an appointment as attache to the British legation at Turin.
From the university of Oxford, Layard returned to Constantinople as attache to the British embassy, and, in August 1849, started on a second expedition, in the course of which he extended his investigations to the ruins of Babylon and the mounds of southern Mesopotamia.
He entered the diplomatic service in 1869 and began as an attache in Florence, eventually in Rome.
Entering the diplomatic service, the son was in 1872 appointed attache to the Austrian embassy at Berlin, where he became secretary of legation, and thence he was transferred to Paris.
In 18 J9 he joined the revolutionary committee which paved the way for Garibaldi's triumphs in the following year; then after spending a short time at Turin as attache to the Italian foreign office he was elected mayor of Palermo.
They have to serve three years abroad or attached to some ministerial department before they can enter for the examination which entitles them to an appointment as attache or as consul suppleant.
ALEXANDER SERGEIEVICH MENSHIKOV, Prince (1787-1869), great-grandson of the preceding, was born on the 11th of September 1787, and entered the Russian service as attache to the embassy at Vienna.
In 1876 he was appointed attache to the German embassy in Paris, and after returning for a while to the foreign office at Berlin, became second secretary to the embassy in Paris in 1880.
In 1905 he went to Japan as military attache to the American embassy, and during the Russo-Japanese War spent several months as military observer with the Japanese army in Manchuria.