From 1872 he held the chair of astrophysics at Leipzig University.
It has thus come about that astrophysics owes its recent development, and its recognition as a distinct branch of astronomical science, to the combination of the processes involved in the three arts of spectroscopy, photography and photometry.
ASTROPHYSICS, the branch of astronomical science which treats of the physical constitution of the heavenly bodies.
The subject of Astrophysics does not admit of so definite a subdivision as that of Astrometry.
19th century, both the use and the improvement of reflectors were left mainly in British hands; but the gift of the " Crossley " instrument in 1895, to the Lick observatory, and its splendid subsequent performances in nebular photography, brought similar tools of research into extensive use among American astronomers; and they are now, for many of the various purposes of astrophysics, strongly preferred to refractors.
A limit is placed on our knowledge of astrophysics which, up to the present time, we have found no means of overstepping.
He employed in his discussion the radial velocities of 280 stars, spectroscopically determined; and the upshot signally exemplified the community of interests between the rising science of astrophysics and the ancient science of astrometry.
And Astrophysics, xii.
From 1892 to 1895 he was an editor of Astronomy and Astrophysics and thereafter of The Astrophysical Journal.
Descriptions of spectroheliographs by Hale, Deslandres, Newall and others, may be found in various papers in Astronomy and Astrophysics, Astrophysical Journal, Comptes rendus, Bulletin astronomique, and other periodicals.