C.) ASH`ARI [Abu-1 Hasan `Ali ibn Isma`il ul-Ash`ari], (873-935), Arabian theologian, was born of pure Arab stock at Basra, but spent the greater part of his life at Bagdad.
Mehren, Expose de la reforme de l'Islamisme commencee par Abou `l-Hasan Ali el-Ash`ari (Leiden, 1878); and D.
Macdonald's Muslim Theology (London, 1903), especially the creed of Ash`ari in Appendix iii.
Orthodox Islam preserves unchanged the form of doctrine established in the 10th century by Abu `l-Masan al-Ash`ari (see As11 ` ARI).
On each side an umpire was appointed, Abu Musa al-Ash`ari, the candidate of Ash`ath, on that of Ali, Amr-ibn-el-Ass (q.v.) on that of Moawiya.