ARTABANUS, the name of a number of Persian princes, soldiers and administrators.
At all events, during the first months of the reign of Artaxerxes I., he was the ruling power in the state (therefore the chronographers wrongly reckon him as king, with a reign of seven months), until Artaxerxes, having learned the truth about the murder of his father and his brother, overwhelmed and killed Artabanus and his sons in open fight.
In 209, has been called Artabanus by some modern authors without any reason.
Artabanus successor of his nephew Phraates II.
He is perhaps identical with the Artabanus mentioned in Trogus, Prol.
Artabanus c. A.D.
At last Artabanus defeated his rival completely and occupied Ctesiphon; Vonones fled to Armenia, where he was acknowledged as king, under the protection of the Romans.
But when Artabanus invaded Armenia, Vonones fled to Syria, and the emperor Tiberius thought it prudent to support him no longer.
Germanicus, whom he sent to the East, concluded a treaty with Artabanus, in which he was recognized as king and friend of the Romans.
Artabanus II., like all Parthian princes, was much troubled by the opposition of the grandees.
48), and that two Jewish brigands maintained themselves for years in Neerda in the swamps of Babylonia, and were acknowledged as dynasts by Artabanus (Jos.
But that party among the Parthian magnates which was hostile to Artabanus applied to Tiberius for a king of the race of Phraates.
Artabanus was deserted by his followers and fled to the East.
Tiridates, who was proclaimed king, could no longer maintain himself, because he appeared to be a vassal of the Romans; Artabanus returned from Hyrcania with a strong army of Scythian (Dahan) auxiliaries, and was again acknowledged by the Parthians.
But Artabanus was not strong enough for a war with Rome; he therefore concluded a treaty with Vitellius, in which he gave up all further pretensions (A.D.
A short time afterwards Artabanus was deposed again, and a certain Cinnamus was proclaimed king.
Artabanus took refuge with his vassal, the king Izates of Adiabene; and Izates by negotiations and the promise of a complete pardon induced the Parthians to restore Artabanus once more to the throne (Jos.
Shortly afterwards Artabanus died, and was succeeded by his son, Vardanes, whose reign was still more turbulent than that of his father.
80 (on a coin of this year he calls himself Arsaces Artabanus) and the following years, and supported a pretender who rose in Asia Minor under the name of Nero (Zonaras xi.
Artabanus Iv., the last Parthian king, younger son of Vologaeses IV., who died A.D.
He crossed the Tigris, destroyed the towns and spoiled the tombs of Arbela; but when Artabanus advanced at the head of an army, he retired to Carrhae.
Macrinus was defeated at Nisibis and concluded a peace with Artabanus, in which he gave up all the Roman conquests, restored the booty, and paid a heavy contribution to the Parthians (Dio Cass.
The war lasted several years; at last Artabanus himself was vanquished and killed (A.D.
Rose against the Parthian king, Artabanus, his aim was religious as well as political.
8 - ii Artabanus II.
78 - c. 105 (Artabanus III..
147-191 1 The names of the following kings are not known; that one of them was called Artabanus II.
191 -209 Artabanus IV...
He was the younger son of Xerxes, and was raised to the throne in 465 by the vizier Artabanus, the murderer of his father.
At the very beginning the satrap Artabanus raised a rebellion in Bactria, but was defeated in two battles.
36, Tiridates found support in his attempt to secure the throne of Artabanus III.
The power of Ardashir, the Sassanian, however, was already rising, and the Parthian Artabanus died in battle in 22 4 (or 227); and Ardashir proposed to prove himself the successor of the Achaemenidae.
VARDANES I., succeeded Artabanus II., probably his father, in A.D.
From the reign of Artabanus I.
As early as 465 B.C., Xerxes was assassinated by his powerful vizier (chiliarch) Artabanus, who attempted to seize the reins of empire in fact, if not in name.
His successor Artabanus I.
So the rival faction brought out another .Arsacid, resident among the Scythian nomads, Artabanus II., who easily expelled Vononesonly to create a host of enemies by his brutal cruelty, and to call forth fresh disorders.
The line of Arsacids which came to the throne in the person of Artabanus II.
129147: also Artabanus III.
(191209) and Septimius Severus, and again in 216217 between Artabanus IV.
But under Artabanus IV.
This proceeding quickly led to war with his suzerain Artabanus IV.
The last of these witnessed the fall of Artabanus (A.D.
226), though a Parthian king, Artavasdesperhaps a son of Artabanus IV.who is only known to us from his own coins, appears to have retained a portion of the empire for some time longer.
After the defeat of Artabanus, Ardashir, as heir of the Achaemenids, formulated his pretensions to the dominion of western Asia (Dio.