The town is the seat of the tribunal of first instance of the arrondissement of Poligny, and has a communal college.
AVRANCHES, a town of north-western France, capital of an arrondissement in the department of Manche, 87 m.
It assigns its quota of taxes (contingent) to each arrondissement, authorizes the sale, purchase or exchange of departmental property, superintends the management thereof, authorizes the construction of new roads, railways or canals, and advises on matters of local interest.
As the prefect in the department, so the sub-prefect in the arrondissement, though with a more limited power, is the representative of the central authority.
The Irsorier nearly always lives at the chief town of the department, and is assisted by a receveur particulier des finances in each arrondissement (except that in which the trsorier himself resides).
Each arrondissement is divided into sousarrondissements, having their centres in the great commercial ports, but this arrangement is purely for the embodiment of the men of the Inscription Maritime, and has nothing to do with the dockyards as naval arsenals.
Next year he was returned to parlement by the arrondissement of Pontarlier; but the work of legislation was ill-suited to him.
AUVERGNE, formerly a province of France, corresponding to the departments of Cantal and Puy-de-Dome, with the arrondissement of Brioude in Haute-Loire.
Bourg is the capital and Belley is the seat of a bishop. Jujurieux, in the arrondissement of Nantua, has the most important silk factory in the department, occupying over 1000 workpeople.
The Gothic church of Ambronay in the arrondissement of Belley, the church of St Paul de Varax (about 9 m.
TLEMCEN, a town of Algeria, the capital of an arrondissement in the department of Oran, near the frontier:of Morocco, 68 m.
He had been elected mayor of the ninth arrondissement of Paris in the autumn of 1870, and in March was sent by the same district to the Commune, from which he resigned when he found no reconciliation was possible between the mayors and the Commune.
AUBUSSON, a town of France, capital of an arrondissement in the department of Creuse, picturesquely situated on the river Creuse 24 m.
BONIFACIO, a maritime town at the southern extremity of Corsica, in the arrondissement of Sartene, 87 m.
BETHUNE, a town of northern France, capital of an arrondissement in the department of Pas-de-Calais, 24 m.
ARLES, a town of south-eastern France, capital of an arrondissement in the department of Bouches-du-Rhone, 54 m.
Violently attacked by the Boulangist organs, L'Intransigeant and La France, he won a suit against them for libel, and in 1889 he contested the 18th arrondissement of Paris with General Boulanger, who obtained a majority of over 2000 votes, but was declared ineligible.
FONTAINEBLEAU, a town of northern France, capital of an arrondissement in the department of Seine-et-Marne, 37 m.
The elective councils for the department and for the arrondissement (a new area which replaced the "districts" of the year 1795) continued to exist, but they sat only for a fortnight in the year and had to deal mainly with the assessment of taxes for their respective areas.
COULOMMIERS, a town of northern France, capital of an arrondissement in the department of Seine-et-Marne, 45 m.
His determined opposition to the empire, culminating in 1869 in a campaign in favour of the radical candidate opposed to 0111vier, was rewarded by his election as mayor of the 11th arrondissement of Paris and as deputy for the Seine.
In 1876 he was returned for the ist arrondissement of Paris to the Chamber of Deputies, and was re-elected next year.
As a matter of fact their chief service to the administration lies in keeping up good relations with the maires of the communes in their arrondissement, and thus acquiring a certain amount of influence over them.
CARNAC, a village of north-western France, in the department of Morbihan and arrondissement of Lorient, 9 m.
AVESNES, a town of northern France, capital of an arrondissement in the department of Nord, on the Helpe, 28 m.
CHINON, a town of western France, capital of an arrondissement in the department of Indre-et-Loire, on the right bank of the Vienne, 3 2 m.
As capital of an arrondissement, Bastia is the seat of a tribunal of first instance and a sub-prefect, while it is also the seat of the military governor of Corsica, of a court of appeal for the whole island, of a court of assizes, and of a tribunal and a chamber of commerce, and has a lycee, a branch of the Bank of France, and a library with between 30,000 and 40,000 volumes.
Dunkerque), a seaport of northern France, capital of an arrondissement in the department of Nord, on the Straits of Dover, 53 m.
ARGENTAN, a town of north-western France, capital of an arrondissement in the department of Orne, 27 m.
BELLEY, a town of eastern France, capital of an arrondissement in the department of Ain, 52 m.
CALVI, a sea-port in Corsica, capital of an arrondissement in the N.W.
The administration of justice is entrusted (1) to the high council (hooge rand) at the Hague, the supreme court of the whole kingdom, and the tribunal for all high government officials and for the members of the states-general; (2) to the five courts of justice established at Amsterdam, the Hague, Arnhem, Leeuwarden and 's Hertogenbosch; (3) to tribunals established in each arrondissement; (4) to cantonal judges appointed over a group of communes, whose jurisdiction is restricted to claims of small amount (under 200 guilders), and to breaches of police regulations, and who at the same time look after the interest of minors.
Criminal and correctional procedure were formerly divided between the courts of justice and the arrondissement tribunals; but this distinction was suppressed by the penal code of 1886, thereby increasing the importance of the arrondissement courts, which also act as court of appeal of the cantonal courts.
Elected to the Municipal Council of Paris in 1879, he declared in favour of communal autonomy and joined with Henri Rochefort in demanding the erection of a monument to the Communards; but after his election to the Chamber of Deputies for the 5th arrondissement of Paris in 1881 he gradually veered from the extreme Radical party to the Republican Union, and identified himself with the cause of colonial expansion.
COLOMBES, a town of France in the department of Seine, arrondissement of St Denis, 7 m.
CASTELSARRASIN, a town of south-western France, capital of an arrondissement in the department of Tarn-et-Garonne, 12 m.
CHERCHEL, a seaport of Algeria, in the arrondissement and department of Algiers, 55 m.
In January 1895 he was elected to the chamber as a Socialist for the thirteenth arrondissement of Paris.
R.) Compiegne, a town of northern France, capital of an arrondissement in the department of Oise, 52 m.
Lourdes is a fortified place of the second class; and is the seat of the tribunal of first instance of the arrondissement of Arge]es.
SIDI-BEL-ABBES, chief town of an arrondissement in the department of Oran, Algeria, 48 m.
Pop. (1906) of the town, 24,494 (of whom three-fourths are French or Spaniards); of the commune, 29,088;29,088; of the arrondissement, which includes 17 communes, 98,309.