ALFRED ARNETH, Ritter voN (1819-1897), Austrian historian, born at Vienna on the 10th of July 1819, was the son of Joseph Calasanza von Arneth (1791-1863), a well-known historian and archaeologist, who wrote a history of the Austrian empire (Vienna, 18 27) and several works on numismatics.
Alfred Arneth studied law, and became an official of the Austrian state archives, of which in 1868 he was appointed keeper.
Arneth was an indefatigable worker, and, as director of the archives, his broad-minded willingness to listen to the advice of experts, as well as his own sound sense, did much to promote the more scientific treatment and use of public records in most of the archives of Europe.
Arneth also published in 1893 two volumes of early reminiscences under the title of Aus meinem Leben.
Von Arneth, Geschichte Maria Theresas (Vienna, 1863-1879) and J.
In1785-1786the affair of the Diamond Necklace 1 See Arneth, Marie Antoinette, Joseph II.
' But see Arneth and Flammermont, i.
251; Arneth, pp. 254, 256, &c.).
Arneth, p. 193 and 194, and letter of 1st August.
2 Arneth, pp. 196, 203; Klinckowstrom, Fersen, i.
The king was forced to make (April 20) threw her definitely into opposition to the Revolution, and she betrayed to Mercy and Fersen the plans of the French generals (Arneth, p.2S9; Fersen, ii.
Of the highest importance are the letters from the archives of Vienna published by Alfred von Arneth and others: A.
Von Arneth, Maria Theresia and Marie Antoinette, ihr Briefwechsel 1770-1780(Paris and Vienna, 1865); id., Marie Antoinette, Joseph II.
Von Arneth, Geschichte Maria Theresias (Vienna, 1863-1879); L.
Von Arneth, Geschichte Maria Theresias (io vols., Vienna, 1863-1879); the series Osterreichische Gesch.
With the collaboration of Alfred von Arneth, director of the imperial archives at Vienna, he edited the Correspondance secrete entre Marie-Therese et le comte de Mercy-Argenteau (3 vols., 1874), the first account based on trustworthy documents of Marie Antoinette's character, private conduct and policy.
Arneth, Prinz Eugen (3 vols., Vienna, 1858; 2nd ed., 1864); H.